Multimodal registration of three-dimensional maxillodental cone beam CT and photogrammetry data over time. N Bolandzadeh, W Bischof, C Flores-Mir, P Boulanger.

Date: February 2013.
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Volume 42, Issue 2.
Objectives: In recent years, one of the foci of orthodontics has been on systems for the evaluation of treatment results and the tracking of tissue variations over time. This can be accomplished through analysing three-dimensional (3D) orthodontic images obtained before and after the treatments. Since complementary information is achieved by integrating multiple imaging modalities, cone beam CT (CBCT) and stereophotogrammetry technologies are used in this study to develop a method for tracking bone, teeth and facial soft-tissue variations over time.
Methods: We propose a two-phase procedure of multimodal (Phase 1) and multitemporal (Phase 2) registration which aligns images taken from the same patient by different imaging modalities and at different times. Extrinsic (for Phase 1) and intrinsic (for Phase 2) landmark-based registration methods are employed as an initiation for a robust iterative closest points (ICP) algorithm. Since the mandible moves independently of the upper skull, the registration procedure is applied separately on the mandible and the upper skull.
Results: The results show that the signed error distributions of both mandible and skull registrations follow a mixture of two gaussian distributions, corresponding to alignment errors (due to our method) and temporal change over time.
Conclusions: We suggest that the large values among the total registration errors correspond to the temporal change resulting from (1) the effect of treatment (i.e. the orthodontic changes of teeth positions); (2) the biological changes such as teeth growth over time, especially for teenagers; and (3) the segmentation procedure and CBCT precision change over time.

Article: Multimodal registration of three-dimensional maxillodental cone beam CT and photogrammetry data over time.
Authors: N Bolandzadeh, W Bischof, C Flores-Mir, and P Boulanger.

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