Multidimensional esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis: A 5-year retrospective study. Yu D, Xing G, Nie P, Zhang X, Steve Shen G.

Date: November 2015
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. [Epub ahead of print]

Statement of Issue: No published quantitative or qualitative studies are available of the 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate (CLP) wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis (MPRDP).
Purpose The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the facial esthetic improvements of patients with CLP wearing an MPRDP for 5 years by using 2D cephalometric and 3D photogrammetry methods.
Material and Methods: Six patients, 2 men and 4 women, with CLP deformity were recruited and treated with an MPRDP by the same dentist over 5 years. Results of the clinical examination were recorded before and after wearing the MPRDP. Sella-nasion-A (SNA) point, the U1-SN, 0-meridian to SN, nasolabial angle, and maxillary incisor exposure were measured by 2D cephalometric analysis before and after wearing the MPRDP. 3D photographs were captured by 3dMD software. Geomagic Spark Studio software was also used to measure the patients’ improved upper lip projection after the MPRDP was worn. The paired sample t test was used to compare the participants (α=.05).
Results: U1-SN (P<.05) and 0-meridian to SN (P<.01) had significant deviation statistically. After patients underwent clinical examination, SNA and nasiolabial angles were found to have improved, although no statistical significance was observed.
Conclusions: A maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis (MPRDP) can advance the upper lip forward, restoring the subnasal and upper lip projection. Patients’ nasiolabial angles with MPRDPs were decreased, which led to a more harmonious facial contour.

Article: Multidimensional esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis: A 5-year retrospective study.
Authors: Yu D, Xing G, Nie P, Zhang X, Steve Shen G. Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, PR China.

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