Facial Gender Affirmation Surgery. DE Morris, LP Zhao.

Date: July 2019.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, Volume 30, Issue 5, p 1403–1405.
Abstract: Facial procedures directed at gender affirmation are uniquely tailored to the individual patient and may affect soft tissue and skeletal structures over the entire face—from the chin through the upper forehead. Complete photographic and radiographic documentation that addresses these areas is important from the perspectives of surgical planning, evaluation of outcomes, research purposes, and communication between patient and provider, and amongst treating professionals. This work outlines pertinent skeletal anatomy that is uniquely addressed in gender affirmation procedures and means by which it can be effectively imaged. It provides historical insight into the evolution of computerized-tomography-based imaging. The authors provide detailed protocols for photodocumentation and computerized-tomography based skeletal imaging at their center.

Article: Facial Gender Affirmation Surgery.
Authors: David E Morris, MD; Linping Zhao, PhD, Division of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Cosmetic Surgery, The Craniofacial Center, University of Illinois at Chicago.