Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts. RW Tse, RJ Knight, DM Fisher.

Date: November 2018. Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, Volume 71, Issue 11, pp 1600-1608. Abstract: Transverse clefts of the oral cavity have significant impacts on both appearance and function. Many methods of repair have been described, but there is no consensus on optimal approach. In addition, dissatisfaction with scars, distortion of appearance, […]

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Potential of 3D Surface Imaging for Quantitative Analysis of Fat Grafting. MK Markey, F Merchant, GP Reece et al.

Date: October 2018. Source: 9th 3DBODY.TECH Conference and Expo. October 16-17, 2018. Lugano, Switzerland, USA. Presenter: Mia K Markey Session: Technical Session 3: 3D Face & Body Scanning in Medicine Abstract: Autologous fat grafting is increasingly employed to address volume asymmetry and contour irregularity following breast reconstruction for breast cancer. However, there are no well-established […]

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Both the Observer’s Expertise and the Subject’s Facial Symmetry Can Affect Anatomical Position of the Head. PH Sutton, J Gateno, JD English, J Paranilam, JF Teichgraeber, JJ Xia.

Date: October 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: It is easier for us to judge facial deformity when the patient’s head is in anatomic position. The purposes of this study were to determine: 1) if a group of expert observers agree more than a group of non-experts on what is the correct […]

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Regression of cephalic index following endoscopic repair of sagittal synostosis. NA Pickersgill, GB Skolnick, SD Naidoo, MD Smyth, KB Patel.

Date: October 2018. Source: Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics [Online Before Print]. Objective: Metrics used to quantify preoperative severity and postoperative outcomes for patients with sagittal synostosis include cephalic index (CI), the well-known standard, and the recently described adjusted cephalic index (aCI), which accounts for altered euryon location. This study tracks the time course of these […]

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Applications and limitations of using patient-specific 3D printed molds in autologous breast reconstruction. S Hummelink, AC Verhulst, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.

Date: October 2018. Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 571–576. Background: Over the last years, several techniques have been proposed to improve the outcome of autologous breast reconstruction procedures. One of these innovations describes patient-specific, three-dimensional (3D) printed breast molds for intraoperative use based on 3D stereophotogrammetry. In this article, […]

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A scale space approach for exploring structure in spherical data. V Vuollo, L Holmström.

Date: September 2018. Source: Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Volume 125, pp 57-69. Highlights: • A novel scale space technique for analyzing spherical data is proposed. • Distributions of normal vector directions computed from a 3dMDhead image are analyzed. • A movie is a convenient way to explore the maps included in a SphereSiZer atlas. […]

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Development of three-dimensional facial expression models using morphing methods for fabricating facial prostheses. A Matsuoka, F Yoshioka, S Ozawa, J Takebe.

Date: September 2018. Source: Journal of Prosthodontic Research. Purpose: It is essential to fabricate a best-fit three-dimensional (3D) facial prosthesis model capable of facial expressions. In order for the facial prosthesis to remain in position, especially around marginal areas subject to movement, a new method of making 3D facial expression models using time-series data allowing […]

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Non-radiographic severity measurement of pectus excavatum. DP Bliss Jr, NA Vaughan, RM Walk, JA Naiditch, AA Kane, RR Hallac.

Date: September 2018 [Online Before Print]. Source: Journal of Surgical Research, Volume 233, pp 376-380. Background: o avoid the radiation exposure of CT imaging and the expense of CT or MRI studies, we sought to develop a non-radiographic severity measurement of pectus excavatum based on 3D photogrammetric imaging. Methods: Over 28 mo, ten consecutive patient […]

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Assessing calvarial vault constriction associated with helmet therapy in deformational plagiocephaly. EC Peterson, KB Patel, GB Skolnick, KD Pfeifauf, KN Davidson, MD Smyth, SD Naidoo.

Date: Aug 2018. Source: Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. Volume 22: Issue 2: pp 113-221. Objective: Deformational plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (DPB) is a cranial flattening frequently treated in pediatric craniofacial centers. The standard of care for DPB involves patient positioning or helmet therapy. Orthotic therapy successfully reduces cranial asymmetry, but there is concern over whether the […]

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Precision Rhinoplasty Using Virtual Surgical Planning and Departmentally-Manufactured, 3D-Printed, Sterilizable, Patient-Specific Anatomic Models. SG Maliha, JM Bekisz, HA Liss, L Witek, PG Coelho, RL Flores.

Date: August 2018. Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Volume 6, Issue 8S, pp 87–88. Goals and Purpose: Rhinoplasty relies on clear patient communication and precise execution of a three-dimensional (3D) plan to achieve optimal results.1 3D printing is becoming more popularized in the medical field as an aid to technical planning, patient communication, and the […]

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Three‑Dimensional Evaluation of the Effect of Low‑Level Laser Therapy on Facial Swelling after Lower Third Molar Surgery: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study. F Asutay, A Ozcan-Kucuk, H Alan, M Koparal.

Date: August 2018. Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. Purpose: : This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a low‑level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, trismus, and swelling of patients whose impacted 3rd molar tooth was extracted compared to placebo or “sham” treatment and measure volumetrically the edema with a three‑dimensional (3D) surface imaging […]

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Thesis. Craniofacial morphology and the use of neonatal non-invasive ventilation therapy. Don He.

Date: August 2018. Source: Thesis. University of British Columbia Library. Craniofacial Science, Dentistry, Faculty of University of British Columbia. Objective: A prospective cohort study with the overall objective to characterize the three-dimensional facial morphology of preterm infants over the course of the first 18 months of corrected age, participating in the Neonatal Follow-up Program of […]

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Measuring digit lengths with 3D digital stereophotogrammetry: A comparison across methods. A Gremba, SM Weinberg.

Date: July/August 2018. Source: American Journal of Human Biology, Volume 30, Issue 4. Objective: We compared digital 3D stereophotogrammetry to more traditional measurement methods (direct anthropometry and 2D scanning) to capture digit lengths and ratios. Methods: The length of the second and fourth digits was measured by each method and the second‐to‐fourth ratio was calculated. […]

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Hemimandibular Hyperplasia Correction by Simultaneous Orthognathic Surgery and Condylectomy Under Digital Guidance. Bi Han, X Wang, Z Li et al.

Date: July 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 76, Issue 7, pp 1563.e1-1563.e18. Objective: Orthognathic surgery with simultaneous condylectomy under digital guidance has been proved to be a feasible method to treat hemimandibular hyperplasia (HH). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects and precision of correction of HH by […]

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Influence of involuntary facial expressions on reproducibility of 3D stereophotogrammetry in children with and without complete unilateral cleft lip and palate from 3 to 18 months of age. Brons, S; Darroudi, A; Nada, R et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Clinical Oral Investigations. Objective: To assess the influence of involuntary facial expressions on 3D facial stereophotogrammetry reproducibility in children with and without unilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate (UCLP) aged 3–18 months. Methods: Three to eight 3D facial images per time point were acquired within 10 min of 31 children with […]

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Assessment of regional asymmetry of the face before and after surgical correction of unilateral cleft lip. D Al-Rudainy, FV Mehendale et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 974-978. Abstract: This study was carried out on 26 unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) cases with mean age 3.6 ± 0.7 months. 3D facial images were captured for each infant 2–3 days before the repair of cleft lip and at 4 […]

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Upper Lip Asymmetry During Smiling: An Analysis Using Three-Dimensional Images. A Mathis, DM Laskin, E Tüfekçi, C Caricco, SJ Lindauer.

Date: June 2018. Source: Journal of Turkish Orthodontics; 31: 32-6. Objective: : The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional images to determine the presence of upper lip asymmetry at rest and during smiling in a group of individuals with no history of orthodontics or facial cosmetic surgery. Methods: Standardized three-dimensional frontal resting and smiling […]

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Female Facial Attractiveness Assessed from Three-Dimensional Contour Lines by University Students. J Jirathamopas, YF Liao, EWC Ko, YR Chen, CS Huang.

Date: May 2018. Source: Dentistry Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, 16. Background: Three-dimensional (3D) images could provide more accurate evaluation for facial attractiveness than two-dimensional (2D) images. The 3D facial image could be simplified into gray scale 3D contour lines. Whether female facial attractiveness could be perceived in these simplified 3D facial contour lines should […]

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Comparison of an unsupervised machine learning algorithm and surgeon diagnosis in the clinical differentiation of metopic craniosynostosis and benign metopic ridge. MJ Cho, RR Hallac, M Effendi, JR Seaward, AA Kane.

Date: April 2018. Source: Scientific Reports, Volume 8, Article number: 6312. Abstract: Metopic suture closure can manifest as a benign metopic ridge (BMR), a variant of normal, to “true” metopic craniosynostosis (MCS), which is associated with severe trigonocephaly. Currently, there is no gold standard for how much associated orbitofrontal dysmorphology should trigger surgical intervention. In […]

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Patient-specific 3D Models Providing a 21st Century Approach to Reconstructive Surgery. H Liss, SG Maliha, L Witek et al.

Date: April 2018. Source: Society For Biomaterials 2018 Annual Conference and Exposition, Atlanta, GA, USA. Statement of Purpose: Through the implementation of 3D- printed models in the operating room, plastic surgeons are able to visualize and reconstruct key anatomical features for patients seeking an autogenous ear reconstruction or rhinoplasty. The 3D-printed constructs are sterilizable patient-specific, […]

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Facial morphology and growth following surgery for congenital midline cervical cleft patients. Y Fan, H Matthews, N Kilpatrick, P Claes, J Clement, A Penington.

Date: January 2018 (Online). Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Abstract: Congenital midline cervical cleft (CMCC) is a rare condition that consists of a cutaneous midline neck lesion with a sinus extending inferiorly towards the sternum. A fibrous band that extends superiorly to the mandible is a consistent feature of the condition. Restriction […]

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3D Modelling of Facial Skin Surface for 3D Printing. Emma Ekberg.

Date: December 2017. Source: Master’s Thesis 2017:EX056, CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY. Abstract:One of the major global health problems today is burns, with an estimate of 256000 deaths each year caused by fires [1]. For more severe burns the probability of infections increases and here the golden standard is to use autologous skin grafts. However, the […]

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Modelling of Orthogonal Craniofacial Profiles. H Dai, N Pears, C Duncan.

Date: November 2017. Source: Journal of Imaging 2017, 3(4), 55; doi:10.3390/jimaging3040055. Abstract: We present a fully-automatic image processing pipeline to build a set of 2D morphable models of three craniofacial profiles from orthogonal viewpoints, side view, front view and top view, using a set of 3D head surface images. Subjects in this dataset wear a […]

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Depth accuracy of the RealSense F200: Low-cost 4D facial imaging. TC ten Harkel, CM Speksnijder, F van der Heijden, CHG Beurskens, KJAO Ingels, TJJ Maal.

Date: November 2017 Source: nature.com / Scientific Reports Abstract: The RealSense F200 represents a new generation of economically viable 4-dimensional imaging (4D) systems for home use. However, its 3D geometric (depth) accuracy has not been clinically tested. Therefore, this study determined the depth accuracy of the RealSense, in a cohort of patients with a unilateral […]

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The influence of dexamethasone on postoperative swelling and neurosensory disturbances after orthognathic surgery: a randomized controlled clinical trial. W Semper-Hogg, MA Fuessinger, TW Dirlewanger, CP Cornelius, MC Metzger.

Date: November 2017. Source: Head & Face Medicine 2017 13:19. Background: Orthognathic surgery is associated with considerable swelling and neurosensory disturbances. Serious swelling can lead to great physical and psychological strain. A randomized, prospective, controlled clinical trial was realized in order to evaluate the effect of a preoperative intravenous dexamethasone injection of 40 mg on […]

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Treatment of Craniosynostoses. N Salokorpi.

Date: November 2017. Source: Academic dissertation, Health and Biosciences, University of Oulu. Abstract: This work evaluated the safety and effectiveness of operative techniques used in cranioplastic surgery and outcomes of these surgical methods. In study I the feasibility of endocranial fixation in frontal remodeling surgery for metopic and coronal synostosis was established. Good to excellent […]

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An eFTD-VP framework for efficiently generating patient-specific anatomically detailed facial soft tissue FE mesh for craniomaxillofacial surgery simulation. X Zhang, D Kim, S Shen, et al.

Date: October 2017. Source: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, pp 1–16, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10237-017-0967-6. Abstract: Accurate surgical planning and prediction of craniomaxillofacial surgery outcome requires simulation of soft tissue changes following osteotomy. This can only be achieved by using an anatomically detailed facial soft tissue model. The current state-of-the-art of model generation is not appropriate to clinical […]

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Correspondence of Breast Measurements for Bra Design After Reconstruction Surgery. KM NICKLAUS, J CHU, C LIU, GP REECE, FA MERCHANT, MC FINGERET, MK MARKEY.

Date: October 2017. Source: Proceedings of 3DBODY.TECH 2017. 8th International Conference and Exhibition on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Montreal, Canada. Abstract: Bra fit is a common quality of life problem for women with breast reconstruction. However, there is a lack of knowledge of how the changes in breast size and shape due to […]

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Quantitative Analysis of Localized Changes in Breast Shape. AL Cheong, GP Reece, MK Markey et al.

Date: October 2017. Source: Proceedings of 3DBODY.TECH 2017. 8th International Conference and Exhibition on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Montreal, Canada. Abstract: Breast reconstruction surgery is an integral part of breast cancer treatment for many patients and has been shown to positively influence patients’ psychosocial adjustment and quality of life. Three-dimensional (3D) visualization and […]

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Analysis Methods of the Variation of Facial Size and Shape Based on 3d Face Scan Images. W. Lee, L Goto, J.F.M. Molenbroek, R.H.M. Goossens.

Date: October 2017. Source: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. Volume: 61 issue: 1, page(s): 1409-1413. Abstract: 3D scan images have been successfully applied in ergonomic product design. Features of human body parts (e.g., landmarks, measurements, curvatures, surfaces, volumes) extracted from 3D body scan images can be used to analyze variations […]

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Long-term Outcomes of Subtotal Septal Reconstruction in Rhinoplasty. SA Asher, AS Kakodkar, DM Toriumi.

Date: September 2017 Source: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. Importance: Significant nasal septal deviation may require complex reconstruction to achieve complete correction. Subtotal septal reconstruction is a method for addressing deviations in the L-strut. Objective: To review the long-term outcomes of subtotal septal reconstruction and provide objective evidence of functional and aesthetic improvement. Design, Setting, and […]

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A Three-Dimensional Study of Midfacial Changes Following Le Fort II Distraction With Zygomatic Repositioning in Syndromic Patients. JM Smartt, C Campbell, R Hallac, J Alford, CA Derderian.

Date: September 2017. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000003869. Abstract: Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning introduced the ability to restore central midfacial height and convexity independent of changes in orbital morphology. This study analyzes midfacial and orbital morphology before and after Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning. All patients who underwent […]

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Patient-Specific 3D Models for Autogenous Ear Reconstruction. KS Khouri; HA Liss; JM Bekisz; PG Coelho; RL Flores; L Witek.

Date: September 2017. Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 5(9S):174–175, DOI: 10.1097/01.GOX.0000526416.08852.96. Introduction: Autogenous ear reconstruction remains one of the most technically challenging procedures in plastic surgery. Current standards of practice entail tracing the unaffected contralateral ear and using this two-dimensional outline as a surgical model. We present the effectiveness and feasibility of sterilizable, patient-specific and […]

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Evaluation of Head Position in Static and Dynamic Three-Dimensional Imaging: a review of the Literature. M Kjærgaard Larsen, TH Thygesen.

Date: August 2017. Source: International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science, 3(2), pp 34-38. Background: : The interest in three-dimensional imaging in orthognathic treatment planning has been growing, especially for evaluation of the natural head position. Several three-dimensional devices are available on the market. Three-dimensional evaluation of the patient will probably soon be a standard […]

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Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients: Do the assessment methods measure the same outcome? DGM Mosmuller, TJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.

Date: August 2017. Source: J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 45(8):1220-1226. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.04.004. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an […]

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Auricular Composite Grafting in Functional Rhinoplasty. N Rao and DM Toriumi.

Date: August 2017. Source: Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(04): 405-410. Abstract: Surgical correction of defects of the internal nasal valve, ala, vestibule, and sill is widely regarded as a challenge due to concerns of poor outcomes of facial aesthetics and nasal function. Auricular composite grafting is a reliable method of reconstruction of deformities of the […]

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The role of Nasoalveolar molding: A 3D Prospective analysis. PY Chou, RR Hallac, T Ajiwe, XJ Xie, YF Liao, AA Kane, YJong Park.

Date: August 2017. Source: nature.com SCiENtifiC REporTS | 7: 9901. Abstract: Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is commonly employed to reduce the alveolar segments into proper alignment and to improve nasal symmetry in patients with cleft lip and palate. This study examines the periodical progression of NAM treatment over time. 20 patients with complete unilateral cleft lip […]

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Quantitative Anthropometric Measures of Facial Appearance of Healthy Hispanic/Latino White Children: Establishing Reference Data for Care of Cleft Lip With or Without Cleft Palate. J Lee, B Ku, PD Combs et al.

Date: June 2017. Source: 3D Research (2017) 8:19. doi:10.1007/s13319-017-0128-9. Abstract: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL ± P) is one of the most common congenital facial deformities worldwide. To minimize negative social consequences of CL ± P, reconstructive surgery is conducted to modify the face to a more normal appearance. Each race/ethnic group […]

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Accuracy of measurements used to quantify cranial asymmetry in deformational plagiocephaly. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, T Heikkinen, V Harila, L Holmström, P Pirttiniemi, AM Valkama.

Date: May 2017 (ONLINE). Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Objective: Various measurements are used to quantify cranial asymmetry in deformational plagiocephaly (DP), but studies validating cut-off values and comparing the accuracy of such measurements are lacking. In this study, we compared the accuracy of four different measurements in classifying children with and without DP diagnosed […]

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There is variability in our perception of the standard head orientation. GN Hughes, J Gateño, JD English, JF Teichgraeber, JJ Xia.

Date: May 2017 (On-line). Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Abstract: The purposes of this study were to determine: (1) whether an observer’s perception of the correct anatomical alignment of the head changes with time, and (2) whether different observers agree on the correct anatomical alignment. To determine whether the perception of the […]

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Large Scale 3D Morphable Models. J Booth, A Roussos, A Ponniah, D Dunaway, S Zafeiriou.

Date: April 2017. Source: International Journal of Computer Vision, pp 1–22. Abstract: We present large scale facial model (LSFM)—a 3D Morphable Model (3DMM) automatically constructed from 9663 distinct facial identities. To the best of our knowledge LSFM is the largest-scale Morphable Model ever constructed, containing statistical information from a huge variety of the human population. […]

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Correlation between the incisors axis inclination and the exposure of the vermilion. E Candida, S Summa, I D’Apolito, C Strappa, R Deli.

Date: April 2017. Source: XXIV Congresso Nazionale Collegio dei Docenti Universitari di Discipline Odontostomatologiche, Milano, Italy. Objective: the enhancement of the lips through cosmetic techniques is a popular procedure. In literature there are not many studies which demonstrate all the aspects that influence this area which is so important for patients. Orthodontic biomechanics related to […]

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The Technique for 3D Printing Patient-Specific Models for Auricular Reconstruction. RL Flores, H Liss, S Raffaelli, A Humayun, K Khouri, PG Coelho, L Witek.

Date: April 2017. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: Currently, surgeons approach autogenous microtia repair by creating a two-dimensional (2D) tracing of the unaffected ear to approximate a three-dimensional (3D) construct, a difficult process. To address these shortcomings, this study introduces the fabrication of patient-specific, sterilizable 3D printed auricular model for autogenous auricular reconstruction. Methods: […]

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A new method for three-dimensional evaluation of the cranial shape and the automatic identification of craniosynostosis using 3D stereophotogrammetry. JW Meulstee1, LM Verhamme, WA Borstlap, F Van der Heijden, GA De Jong, T Xi, SJ Bergé, H Delye, TJJ Maal.

Date: April 2017 (Online). Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Abstract: Craniosynostosis is a congenital defect which can result in abnormal cranial morphology. Three dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is potentially an ideal technique for the evaluation of cranial morphology and diagnosis of craniosynostosis because it is fast and harmless. This study presents a new […]

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Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients. DGM Mosmuller, TJJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.

Date: April 2017 (ONLINE) Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an earlier […]

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Digital design of patient-specific abutments for the retention of implant-retained facial prostheses. C Kincade, L McHutchion, J Wolfaardt.

Date: March 2017. Source: Presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Osseointegration, Orlando, Fla, March 2017 and the 6th Triennial Conference for Advanced Digital Technology in Head and Neck Reconstruction, Amiens, France, May 2017. Abstract: The present report describes the digital design of patient-specific milled abutments for the retention of osseointegrated facial […]

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Minimal Invasive Rhinoplasty: Fat Injection for Nasal Dorsum Contouring. S Lin, YC Hsiao, JJ Huang, CS Chang, PKT Chen, JP Chen, LJ Lo, YR Chen.

Date: March 2017. Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery, Volume 78, Issue 3, p S117–S123. Purpose: To determine the graft retention rate of fat injection rhinoplasty in the nasal dorsum region using 3dMD System. Materials and Methods: Thirteen consecutive patients (12 women and 1 man) treated by the corresponding author (F.C.S.C.) between April of 2014 and […]

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The impact of aging on the three-dimensional aspect of the hand: a pilot study. IA Hoevenaren, TS Wesselius, JW Meulstee, RD Vreeken, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.

Date: January 2017 (ONLINE). Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. Background: With rejuvenation treatments of the skin gaining more and more popularity, the inquiry for rejuvenation of the hand grows. Until now, no imaging tool exists to analyze the aging process of the hand. Three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a reliable technique which is […]

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Three-dimensional soft tissue analysis of the hand: a novel method to investigate effects of acromegaly. IA Hoevenaren, MAEM Wagenmakers, SHPP Roerink, RT Netea-Maier, DJO Ulrich, TJJ Maal.

Date: December 2016. Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 429–434. Background: Acral overgrowth is a highly common clinical sign in patients with active acromegaly. To what extent this overgrowth persists after long-term remission of acromegaly is largely unknown. Using the new imaging technique of three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry, it is possible […]

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The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. V Sharma, B Richard.

Date: December 2016 Source: Gray’s Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. 41st Edition, Elsevier, pp 45-46. Article: The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. Authors: Vikram Sharma, Bruce Richard.

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