Thesis. Outcome assessment of facial orthopedics with taping for cleft lip deformities using 3D stereophotogrammetry. Peter Mankowski.

Date: May 2020. Source: Thesis. Master of Science, The Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, Craniofacial Science, The University of British Columbia. Background: Prior to operative correction of a cleft lip, presurgical orthopaedics (PSO) with facial taping is used to improve pre-maxillary and soft tissue alignment. Two commercially available taping systems, Dynacleft and 3MTM taping […]

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Evaluation of soft-tissue changes in young adults treated with the Forsus fatigue-resistant device. B Akan, İ Veli.

Date: April 2020. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 157, Issue 4, Pages 481-489.e2. Highlights: • Forsus fatigue-resistant devices did not affect sagittal or vertical planes in postpeak patients. • Changes in maxilla and mandible were dentoalveolar only. • Significant differences in soft-tissue profiles in postpeak patients were not found. Introduction: This […]

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Evaluation of Changes in Nasal Projection After Surgically Assisted Rapid Maxillary Expansion With 3dMDface System. MH Büyükçavuş, Y Findik, T Baykul.

Date: April 2020. Source: The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. DOI: 10.1097/scs.0000000000006436. Abstract: The most appropriate treatment option for maxillary expansion in adulthood due to increased cyanosis in sutures is surgically assisted maxillary expansion (SARME). Skeletal and dental changes are observed with SARME. Three-dimensional imaging techniques are gaining importance with the developing technology in evaluating the […]

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3D soft‐tissue evaluation of a Class III treatment with rapid maxillary expander and face mask in pre‐pubertal phase – A retrospective cohort study. BK Đokić, A Zhurov, S Richmond et al.

Date: March 2020. Source: Orthodontic & Craniofacial Research, https://doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12373. Objective: The aim of this prospective controlled study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the rapid maxillary expander (RME) and face mask treatment using three‐dimensional soft‐tissue facial characteristics of pre‐pubertal Class III children. Setting and Sample Population: CLIII and non‐CLIII groups, both of 32 white children […]

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Three-Dimensional Facial Imaging for the Diagnosis of Complex Soft Tissue Secondary to Craniofacial Trauma. L Zou, S Holmes.

Date: March 2020. Source: Atlas of Operative Maxillofacial Trauma Surgery, pp 101-105, Springer, London. Abstract: Facial scanning is a relatively recent imaging modality that has been evolving over the past 30 years. It provides valid and reliable three-dimensional (3D) imaging. 3D facial images also provide objective quantifications of facial changes. Image capturing uses a noncontact […]

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Reproducibility of Natural Head Position assessed with stereophotogrammetry. G Jakobsone, V Vuollo, P Pirttiniemi.

Date: February 2020. Source: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research 23(1):66-71. doi: 10.1111/ocr.12344. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the stability of Natural Head Position (NHP) over time using the 3dMDface System. Setting and Sample Population: This was an experimental study. Three-dimensional facial images of 40 students were captured on two different occasions, with […]

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Digital Workflow for Combined Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery. MH Elnagar, S Aronovich, B Kusnoto.

Date: February 2020. Source: Orthodontics for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Patient, an Issue of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America, Vol 32, No 1 (E-Book). Chapter: Digital Workflow for Combined Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery. Authors: Mohammed H Elnagar, DDS, MS, PhD; Sharon Aronovich, DMD, FRCD(C); and Budi Kusnoto, DDS, MS.

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Craniofacial Asymmetry from One to Three Years of Age: A Prospective Cohort Study with 3D Imaging. AM Launonen, V Vuollo, H Aarnivala, et al.

Date: December 2019. Source: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9, 70; doi:10.3390/jcm9010070. Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is considered a risk factor for facial asymmetry. This cohort-based, prospective, follow-up study used three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry to assess the development of facial asymmetry in a normal birth cohort and to investigate the impact of DP on facial asymmetry for […]

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A Cross-Sectional Study to Understand 3D Facial Differences in a Population of African Americans and Caucasians. CH Kau, J Wang, M Davis.

Date: December 2019. Source: European Journal of Dentistry 2019; 13(04): 485-496 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3400551. Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional retrospective study was to use three-dimensional surface imaging to determine gender dimorphism and facial morphological changes from adolescence to adulthood in African American and Caucasian populations. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional images were captured and the total […]

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Exploring the midline soft tissue surface changes from 12 to 15 years of age in three distinct country population cohorts. S Richmond, AI Zhurov, ABM Ali, P Pirttiniemi, T Heikkinen, V Harila, S Silinevica, G Jakobsone, I Urtane.

Date: November 2019. Source: European Journal of Orthodontics, https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjz080. Introduction: Several studies have highlighted differences in the facial features in a White European population. Genetics appear to have a major influence on normal facial variation, and environmental factors are likely to have minor influences on face shape directly or through epigenetic mechanisms. Aim: The aim […]

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A 3D Follow-Up Study of Cranial Asymmetry from Early Infancy to Toddler Age after Preterm versus Term Birth. AM Launonen, H Aarnivala, P Kyteas, et al.

Date: October 2019. Source: Journal of Clinical Medicine 2019, 8, 1665; doi:10.3390/jcm8101665. Abstract: : Preterm infants are at higher risk for both symmetrical and asymmetrical head molding. This study involved 3D stereophotogrammetry to assess the cranial growth, molding, and incidence of deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in preterm children compared to term born children. Thirty-four preterm infants […]

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Effect of facial profile convexity on the perception of mandibular asymmetry using three‐dimensional stereophotogrammetric images. GS Duran, FÖ Taşdelen, F Dindaroğlu.

Date: September 2019. Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 2020;23:110–117. DOI: 10.1111/ocr.12349. Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sagittal anomalies have an effect on the perception of mandibular asymmetry. Secondly, it aimed to determine the asymmetry perception threshold of orthodontist and laypeople. Setting and Sample Population: A total of 90 […]

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Three-dimensional analysis of lip changes in response to simulated maxillary incisor advancement. J Au, L Mei, F Bennani, A Kang; M Farella.

Date: August 2019. Source: Angle Orthod. 2020;90:118–124. Objective: To assess the immediate response of lips in three dimensions (3D) resulting from simulated maxillary incisor advancement Materials and Methods: : Incremental maxillary incisor advancement was simulated by placing wax of increasing thickness (þ2 mm, þ4 mm, þ6 mm) on the incisors of 20 participants, and the […]

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Three-dimensional facial development of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate during the first year of life in comparison with normative average faces. S Brons, JW Meulstee, TGJ Loonen, et al.

Date: July 2019. Source: PeerJ, DOI 10.7717/peerj.7302. Background: Stereophotogrammetry can be used to study facial morphology in both healthy individuals as well as subjects with orofacial clefts because it shows good reliability, ability to capture images rapidly, archival capabilities, and high resolution, and does not require ionizing radiation. This study aimed to compare the three-dimensional […]

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Nasal soft tissue changes after two different approaches for surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. AY Fındık T Baykul T Yazıcı.

Date: July 2019. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 48, Issue 7, Pages 957-961. Abstract:The aim of the study was to evaluate the nasal soft tissue changes in patients who underwent surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using two different surgical approaches. Thirty-two patients were included in the study, and divided into […]

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Effects of Different Head Positioning Methods on Facial Soft Tissue Analysis Using Stereophotogrammetry. NG Amuk, KG Topsakal, HB Keklikci.

Date: June 2019. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 77, Issue 6, Pages 1277.e1-1277.e10. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the sagittal tilt of the head in different head positioning techniques using an inclinometer and facial stereophotogrammetric measurements. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in 45 participants (26 […]

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Uniform 3D meshes to establish normative facial averages of healthy infants during the first year of life. Brons S, Meulstee JW, Nada RM, Kuijpers MAR, Bronkhorst EM, Bergé SJ, et al.

Date: May 2019. Source: PLoS ONE 14(5): e0217267. Abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging systems are replacing direct anthropometry as the preferred method for capturing facial soft-tissues. Aims of this study were: (1) to develop normative average 3D faces of healthy infants aged 3, 6, 9, and 12 months and (2) to describe normative average 3D […]

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Smile dimensions in adult African American and Caucasian females and males. NM Souccar, DW Bowen, Z Syed, TA Swain, CH Kau, DM Sarver.

Date: May 2019. Source: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research. https://doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12278. Objective: To test smile dimension variations in adult African American and Caucasian females and males. Setting and Sample Population: The University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry and Hospital. Three hundred and ninety‐four participants were recruited; African American females and males distributed over five age […]

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Three-Dimensional Assessment of Morphological Changes Following Nasoalveolar Molding Therapy in Cleft Lip and Palate Patients: A Case Report. E Staderini, R Patini, A Camodeca, F Guglielmi, P Gallenzi.

Date: March 2019. Source: Dentistry Journal, 7(1), 27. Abstract: The applications of computer-guided technologies for three-dimensional image analysis provide a unique opportunity to quantify the morphological dimensional changes of the face in a practical and convenient way. Symmetry of the nasolabial area is one of the main factors of facial attractiveness as well as being […]

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Quantifying faces three-dimensionally in orthodontic practice. C Tanikawa, O Akcam, K Takada.

Date: March 2019. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery (ONLINE). Objective: The purpose of this study was to formulate and demonstrate a method for quantifying and visualizing the three-dimensional (3-D) configuration of the soft tissues of the face at rest to facilitate a quantitative and instantaneous understanding of a patient’s static facial form characteristics. Materials and […]

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Three-dimensional lip morphology in skeletal Class I malocclusion with labial inclination of the upper central incisors. M Sasaki, W Tome, A Takeuchi, N Kitai.

Date: March 2019. Source: Orthodontic Waves, Volume 78, Issue 1, Pages 33-38. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the three-dimensional (3D) lip morphology in cases of skeletal Class I malocclusion with labial inclination of the upper central incisors. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five Japanese patients with malocclusion were divided into 2 groups: […]

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Lip position analysis of young women with different skeletal patterns during posed smiling using 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetry. H Li, T Cao, H Zhou, Y Hou.

Date: January 2019. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 155, Issue 1, Pages 64-70. Highlights: • Posed smile, lip position, and skeletal patterns were investigated in young women. • Significant differences were found in interlabial gap and in the vertical, average, and horizontal groups. • Intercommissural width did not differ significantly among […]

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Recurrence of the Anterior Open Bite After Orthognathic Surgery: 3D Analysis of Dental, Soft Tissue, Skeletal and Airway Changes in Unraveling the Aetiology of Relapse. Suttorp et al.

Date: December 2018. Source: Oral Health Case Reports 2018, 4:2, DOI: 10.4172/2471-8726.1000148. Abstract: Several treatment approaches have been used to correct anterior open bites, but high relapse rates are reported. This report shows the orthognathic surgical correction of a severe anterior open bite of a 23 years old woman with a mouth breathing habit. Although […]

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Three-dimensional soft tissue analysis of the face following micro-implant-supported maxillary skeletal expansion. S Abedini, I Elkenawy, E Kim et al.

Date: November 2018. Source: Progress in Orthodontics, Volume 19, Article number: 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40510-018-0243-z. Background: Skeletal maxillary expander (MSE) is one of the more recent expander designs being utilized for skeletal expansion by splitting the midpalatal sutures applying forces through palatal micro-implants. Its effects on the soft tissue remain a question asked by both patients and […]

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Nasolabial shape differences and esthetics in unilateral cleft lip and palate: A comparison of nasolabial shape using a mean 3D facial template. MA Kuijpers, TJ Maal, JW Meulstee, CE Carels, EM Bronkhorst, SJ Bergé, PS Fudalej.

Date: November 2018. Source: 3D imaging in patients with orofacial clefts. Chapter 6. Objective: To determine the amount of deviation in nasolabial shape in patients with a cleft, compared with an average non-cleft face, and assess whether this difference was related to nasolabial esthetics. Methods: 3D stereophotogrammetric images of 60 patients with a unilateral cleft […]

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Combined use of a facial scanner and an intraoral scanner to acquire a digital scan for the fabrication of an orbital prosthesis. H Liu, S Bai. X Yu, Y Zhao.

Date: November 2018 ONLINE. Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: For a patient with a unilateral orbital defect, an esthetic orbital prosthesis plays an essential role in enhancing quality of life. This technique describes the combined use of a facial scanner and an intraoral scanner to acquire the digital scan for the design and […]

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Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts. RW Tse, RJ Knight, DM Fisher.

Date: November 2018. Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, Volume 71, Issue 11, pp 1600-1608. Abstract: Transverse clefts of the oral cavity have significant impacts on both appearance and function. Many methods of repair have been described, but there is no consensus on optimal approach. In addition, dissatisfaction with scars, distortion of appearance, […]

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Challenges with Life Surface Imaging. L Zou, R Richard, J Blythe, N Donos.

Date: October 2018. Source: 9th 3DBODY.TECH Conference and Expo. October 16-17, 2018. Lugano, Switzerland, USA. Presenter: Lifong ZOU Session: Technical Session 3: 3D Face & Body Scanning in Medicine Abstract: Stereo photogrammetry has a clear role in clinical research, treatment planning and effectiveness assessment within the domain of medicine and dentistry. Recently more computational automatic […]

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Both the Observer’s Expertise and the Subject’s Facial Symmetry Can Affect Anatomical Position of the Head. PH Sutton, J Gateno, JD English, J Paranilam, JF Teichgraeber, JJ Xia.

Date: October 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: It is easier for us to judge facial deformity when the patient’s head is in anatomic position. The purposes of this study were to determine: 1) if a group of expert observers agree more than a group of non-experts on what is the correct […]

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Esthetic evaluation of facial cheek volume: A study using 3D stereophotogrammetry, J Feng, HY Yu, YJ Yin, YQ Yan, Z Wang, D Bai, XL Han.

Date: October 2018. Source: The Angle Orthodontist. Objective: To investigate the influence of cheek volume on facial esthetics judged by orthodontists and non-specialists. Materials and Methods: A 25-year-old female’s natural and smiling face was captured by 3D stereophotogrammetry. Cheek volume of the 3dMD image was altered to different degrees three-dimensionally. For the natural and smiling […]

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Three‑Dimensional Evaluation of the Effect of Low‑Level Laser Therapy on Facial Swelling after Lower Third Molar Surgery: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study. F Asutay, A Ozcan-Kucuk, H Alan, M Koparal.

Date: August 2018. Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. Purpose: : This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a low‑level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, trismus, and swelling of patients whose impacted 3rd molar tooth was extracted compared to placebo or “sham” treatment and measure volumetrically the edema with a three‑dimensional (3D) surface imaging […]

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Hemimandibular Hyperplasia Correction by Simultaneous Orthognathic Surgery and Condylectomy Under Digital Guidance. Bi Han, X Wang, Z Li et al.

Date: July 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 76, Issue 7, pp 1563.e1-1563.e18. Objective: Orthognathic surgery with simultaneous condylectomy under digital guidance has been proved to be a feasible method to treat hemimandibular hyperplasia (HH). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects and precision of correction of HH by […]

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Influence of involuntary facial expressions on reproducibility of 3D stereophotogrammetry in children with and without complete unilateral cleft lip and palate from 3 to 18 months of age. Brons, S; Darroudi, A; Nada, R et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Clinical Oral Investigations. Objective: To assess the influence of involuntary facial expressions on 3D facial stereophotogrammetry reproducibility in children with and without unilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate (UCLP) aged 3–18 months. Methods: Three to eight 3D facial images per time point were acquired within 10 min of 31 children with […]

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Assessment of regional asymmetry of the face before and after surgical correction of unilateral cleft lip. D Al-Rudainy, FV Mehendale et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 974-978. Abstract: This study was carried out on 26 unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) cases with mean age 3.6 ± 0.7 months. 3D facial images were captured for each infant 2–3 days before the repair of cleft lip and at 4 […]

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Upper Lip Asymmetry During Smiling: An Analysis Using Three-Dimensional Images. A Mathis, DM Laskin, E Tüfekçi, C Caricco, SJ Lindauer.

Date: June 2018. Source: Journal of Turkish Orthodontics; 31: 32-6. Objective: : The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional images to determine the presence of upper lip asymmetry at rest and during smiling in a group of individuals with no history of orthodontics or facial cosmetic surgery. Methods: Standardized three-dimensional frontal resting and smiling […]

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Female Facial Attractiveness Assessed from Three-Dimensional Contour Lines by University Students. J Jirathamopas, YF Liao, EWC Ko, YR Chen, CS Huang.

Date: May 2018. Source: Dentistry Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, 16. Background: Three-dimensional (3D) images could provide more accurate evaluation for facial attractiveness than two-dimensional (2D) images. The 3D facial image could be simplified into gray scale 3D contour lines. Whether female facial attractiveness could be perceived in these simplified 3D facial contour lines should […]

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Evaluation of facial asymmetry in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Correlation between hard tissue and soft tissue landmarks. S Economou, P Stoustrup, KD Kristensen, M Dalstra, A Küseler, T Herlin, TK Pedersen.

Date: May 2018. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 153, Issue 5, Pages 662–672. Hightlights: • Soft-tissue and hard-tissue asymmetries in JIA patients are correlated. • In JIA patients, asymmetries are most pronounced in the lower facial third. • Glabella had the least deviation. • Pogonion presented the largest level of deviation. […]

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Test-retest reliability of smile tasks using three-dimensional facial topography. C Tanikawa, K Takada.

Date: May 2018. Source: Angle Orthodontist, Vol 88, No 3, pp 319–328. Objective: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of three types of facial expression tasks using three-dimensional (3D) facial topography. Methods: Twelve adult volunteers were enrolled in this study. They were instructed to perform three different facial expression tasks: rest posture, posed smile, and maximum […]

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Three-dimensional photography for the evaluation of facial profiles in obstructive sleep apnoea. SW Lin, K Sutherland, YF Liao, PA Cistulli, LP Chuang, YT Chou, CH Chang, CS Lee, LF Li, NH Chen.

Date: February 2018. Source: Respirology, 10.1111/resp.13261. Background and Objective: Craniofacial structure is an important determinant of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome risk. Three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry (3dMD) is a novel technique which allows quantification of the craniofacial profile. This study compares the facial images of OSA patients captured by 3dMD to three-dimensional computed tomography (3-D CT) and […]

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3D Assessment of Nasolabial Appearance in Patients With Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. I Bagante, I Zepa, I Akota.

Date: December 2017. Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Rhinoplasty in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) is challenging, and the surgical outcome of the nose is complicated to evaluate. The aim of this study was to assess the nasolabial appearance of patients with UCLP compared with a control group. Design: Cross-sectional […]

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A three-dimensional method for evaluating changes in lip morphology following correction of functional anterior crossbite. C Jogaki, W Tome, F Kuroyanagi, N Kitai.

Date: December 2017. Source: Orthodontic Waves, Volume 76, Issue 4, Pages 226-231. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to present a three-dimensional method for evaluating changes in lip morphology and to apply the method to the therapy evaluation following the correction of functional anterior crossbite. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five Japanese patients (age: 6 […]

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The influence of dexamethasone on postoperative swelling and neurosensory disturbances after orthognathic surgery: a randomized controlled clinical trial. W Semper-Hogg, MA Fuessinger, TW Dirlewanger, CP Cornelius, MC Metzger.

Date: November 2017. Source: Head & Face Medicine 2017 13:19. Background: Orthognathic surgery is associated with considerable swelling and neurosensory disturbances. Serious swelling can lead to great physical and psychological strain. A randomized, prospective, controlled clinical trial was realized in order to evaluate the effect of a preoperative intravenous dexamethasone injection of 40 mg on […]

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Three-dimensional analysis of the effect of expansion and/or protraction on oropharyngeal volume and MCA in nonsyndromic CLP/CLCP children. J GAO, N ALREJAYE, S OBEROI.

Date: October 2017. Source: UCSF School of Dentistry Research and Clinical Excellence Day 2017 Program. UCSF students and research trainees present their work through posters and oral presentations to the School of Dentistry community and includes more than 60 presentations and draws more than 400 attendees. Objective: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most […]

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A clinical technique for virtual articulator mounting with natural head position by using calibrated stereophotogrammetry. WYH Lam, RTC Hsung, WWS Choi, et al.

Date: September 2017. Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry (Online). Abstract: Accurate articulator-mounted casts are essential for occlusion analysis and for fabrication of dental prostheses. Although the axis orbital plane has been commonly used as the reference horizontal plane, some clinicians prefer to register the horizontal plane with a spirit level when the patient is […]

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Evaluation of Head Position in Static and Dynamic Three-Dimensional Imaging: a review of the Literature. M Kjærgaard Larsen, TH Thygesen.

Date: August 2017. Source: International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science, 3(2), pp 34-38. Background: : The interest in three-dimensional imaging in orthognathic treatment planning has been growing, especially for evaluation of the natural head position. Several three-dimensional devices are available on the market. Three-dimensional evaluation of the patient will probably soon be a standard […]

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Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients: Do the assessment methods measure the same outcome? DGM Mosmuller, TJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.

Date: August 2017. Source: J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 45(8):1220-1226. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.04.004. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an […]

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THREE-DIMENSIONAL EVALUATION OF CLASS III TREATMENT OF A 6 YEAR OLD BOY WITH THE FRÄNKEL FUNCTION REGULATOR III MODIFIED APPLIANCE. BK Đokić, A Zhurov, S Richmond, M Ovsenik.

Date: June 2017. Source: 93rd Congress of the European Orthodontic Society 2017. Montreux, Switzerland. Aim: To objectively demonstrate the changes of soft tissues after use of a Fränkel functional regulator III (FFR III) modified appliance (Farčnik, 2008) of a skeletal Class III malocclusion Subject and Methods: Clinical examination of the 6 year old boy revealed […]

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Quantitative Anthropometric Measures of Facial Appearance of Healthy Hispanic/Latino White Children: Establishing Reference Data for Care of Cleft Lip With or Without Cleft Palate. J Lee, B Ku, PD Combs et al.

Date: June 2017. Source: 3D Research (2017) 8:19. doi:10.1007/s13319-017-0128-9. Abstract: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL ± P) is one of the most common congenital facial deformities worldwide. To minimize negative social consequences of CL ± P, reconstructive surgery is conducted to modify the face to a more normal appearance. Each race/ethnic group […]

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The Effects of Objective 3D Measures of Facial Shape and Symmetry on Perceptions of Facial Attractiveness. CD Hatch, GL Wehby, NL Nidey, LM Moreno Uribe.

Date: May 2017 Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: Meeting patient desires for enhanced facial esthetics requires that providers have standardized and objective methods to measure esthetics. We evaluated the effects of objective 3-dimensional (3D) facial shape and asymmetry measurements derived from 3D facial images on perceptions of facial attractiveness. Patient and Methods: […]

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There is variability in our perception of the standard head orientation. GN Hughes, J Gateño, JD English, JF Teichgraeber, JJ Xia.

Date: May 2017 (On-line). Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Abstract: The purposes of this study were to determine: (1) whether an observer’s perception of the correct anatomical alignment of the head changes with time, and (2) whether different observers agree on the correct anatomical alignment. To determine whether the perception of the […]

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