The Effects of Objective 3D Measures of Facial Shape and Symmetry on Perceptions of Facial Attractiveness. CD Hatch, GL Wehby, NL Nidey, LM Moreno Uribe.
Date: May 2017 Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: Meeting patient desires for enhanced facial esthetics requires that providers have standardized and objective methods to measure esthetics. We evaluated the effects of objective 3-dimensional (3D) facial shape and asymmetry measurements derived from 3D facial images on perceptions of facial attractiveness. Patient and Methods: […]Read More
Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients. DGM Mosmuller, TJJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.
Date: April 2017 (ONLINE) Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an earlier […]Read More
Analysis of Digital Documentation. KH Breuning, CH Kau.
Date: March 2017. Source: Digital Planning and Custom Orthodontic Treatment, First Edition. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chapter 4: Analysis of Digital Documentation. Authors: K. Hero Breuning and Chung H. Kau.Read More
Comprehensive treatment approach for condylar hyperplasia and mandibular crowding with custom lingual braces and 2-jaw surgery. PG Kyteas, WS McKenzie, PD Waite, CH Kau.
Date: January 2017 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 151, Issue 1, PP 174–185. Highlights: • A woman had progressive condylar hyperplasia from age 3 years. • Three-dimensional diagnosis and treatment plan were conducted. • A self-ligating lingual brace system were used. • Three-dimensional surgery was performed and splints placed to correct […]Read More
DENTAL TECHNIQUE: A 2-part facebow for CAD-CAM dentistry. YH Lam, TC Hsung, WS Choi, WK Luk, HN Pow.
Date: December 2016. Source: THE JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 116(6):843-847. Abstract: Converting the patient’s clinical information into the virtual world is a prerequisite for the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) of dental restorations. This article describes a modified facebow which facilitates the radiation-free registration of the maxillary teeth to a 3-dimensional face image for […]Read More
A comparison of soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. E Bhaskar.
Date: December 2016. Source: Master of Science Thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine the soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and compare them with the African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. The rationale for the study is […]Read More
Novel Three-Dimensional Understanding of Maxillary Cleft Distraction. SM Vaughan, CH Kau, PD Waite.
Date: September 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: Volume 27 – Issue 6 – p 1462–1464. Objective: To set forth a universal standard methodology for quantifying volumetric and linear changes in the craniofacial complex, utilizing three-dimensional data captured from a cleft-lip palate patient who underwent rigid external device (RED) distraction. Methods: Cone beam computed tomography […]Read More
Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Facial Morphological Variation: A 3D Population-Based Twin Study. J Djordjevic, AI Zhurov, S Richmond, Visigen Consortium.
Date: September 2016 Source: PLoS One. 11(9):e0162250. Introduction: Facial phenotype is influenced by genes and environment; however, little is known about their relative contributions to normal facial morphology. The aim of this study was to assess the relative genetic and environmental contributions to facial morphological variation using a three-dimensional (3D) population-based approach and the classical […]Read More
Evaluation of the effects of the low-level laser therapy on swelling, pain, and trismus after removal of impacted lower third molar. H Alan, Ü Yolcu, M Koparal, C Özgür, SA Öztürk, D Malkoç.
Date: July 2016 Source: Head & Face Medicine Background: In current study we aimed to examine the effect of a low-level laser therapy on the pain, mouth opening and swelling of patients whose impacted 3rd molar tooth was extracted in addition measurement volumetrically to the edema with 3dMDface system. Methods: It was surveyed 15 patients […]Read More
3D Workflows in Orthodontics, Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics. Wicher J. van der Meer.
Date: 2016 Source: PhD Thesis Abstract: 3D workflows should result in clinical procedures that help clinicians to get better results with less effort and at lower costs. In other words, the 3D technology should make complex and difficult clinical procedures simpler and easier with reduced costs for healthcare. If 3D workflows are available with a […]Read More
3D Facial Effects of a Simulated Dental Build-up. BAMM Sterenborg, TJJ Maal, RD Vreeken, BAC Loomans, MCDNJM Huysmans.
Date: June 2016. Source: J Esthet Restor Dent 28:397–404. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 3D-stereophotogrammetry technique to detect differences in facial appearance after a simulated rehabilitation. Materials and Methods: Eleven volunteers without tooth wear participated. A 3D-stereophotograph was taken in five different situations: resting position, teeth in occlusion, and teeth […]Read More
Hypertelorism and Orofacial Clefting Revisited: An Anthropometric Investigation. SM Weinberg, EJ Leslie, JT Hecht, GL Wehby, FWB Deleyiannis, LM Moreno, K Christensen, ML Marazita.
Date: June 2016. ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Since the 1960s, multiple studies have reported a tendency toward hypertelorism in individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (OFCs). However, the association between specific cleft types and increased interorbital distance has been inconsistent. Using three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging, we tested whether different forms […]Read More
Perception of Differences in Lip Profile between 2D and 3D. AM Hansen, SJ Lindauer, C Carrico.
Date: June 2016 Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden Poster Objective: To determine how laypeople perceived esthetic differences in lip position (flat versus ideal lip fullness) in 2D versus 3D.Read More
Evaluation of Soft Tissue Nasal Changes Following Maxillary Surgery Using 3D Facial Images of Chinese Patients. E Wong, M Yow, MT Chew, K Foong, HC Wong.
Date: June 2016 Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden Poster Objective: This study aims to evaluate nasal soft tissue changes following maxillary advancement surgery using images taken with a 3dMD camera of Chinese patients in the National Dental Centre Singapore (NDCS). A secondary objective is to determine if there is a correlation […]Read More
How do incisor inclination changes following orthodontic treatment influence the 3D configuration of the face? C Tanikawaw, K Takada, E Kakuno, R Kanomi.
Date: June 2016. Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. Poster Objective: To examine the relationships between the facial topographic changes and the changes in incisor inclinations after orthodontic treatment.Read More
An evaluation of effects of platelet-rich-fibrin on postoperative morbidities after lower third molar surgery. F Asutay, Ü Yolcu, O Geçör, AH Acar, SA Öztürk, S Malkoç.
Date: May 2016. Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess whether the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) decreased the pain, swelling, and trismus levels of postoperative third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: In a double-blinded, split-mouth randomized study, thirty patients (6 male/24 female, mean age 20.32 […]Read More
Reproducibility of the lip position at rest: A 3-dimensional perspective. Furkan Dindaroğlu, Gökhan Serhat Duran, Serkan Görgülü.
Date: May 2016. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 149, Issue 5, Pages 757–765. Highlights: • We assessed the reproducibility of the rest position using 3D soft tissue images. • 3D stereophotogrammetry images of a participant were acquired using 3dMD flex. • The reproducibility was assessed on the same day and 6 […]Read More
Perception of Differences in Lip Profile between 2-D and 3-D. Andrew M Hansen D.D.S.
Date: April 2016. Source: Theses and Dissertations. Virginia Commonwealth University. Background: Past studies evaluating the esthetics of orthodontic treatment have been done using 2-D images. New 3-D imaging offers an improved, real-life representation of a subject. The purpose of this study was to determine how laypeople perceived differences in lip position (flat versus ideal lip […]Read More
Evaluation of Soft Tissue Profile Change Following Bi-maxillary Surgery in Dento-skeletal Class III by Photogrammetric Analysis. A Torroni, G Gasparini, A Moro, G Saponaro, E Foresta, P De Angelis, D Cervelli, C Azzuni, R Boniello, L Pallottini, A Borelli, G Jafari, S Pelo, R Deli, and G Longo.
Date: April 2016 Source: British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research 15(2): 1-11, Article no. BJMMR.25350. Abstract: 3D analysis allows for simulation of orthognathic surgery and prediction of aesthetic and functional outcomes. Our study aims to find common and repeatable parameters on the behaviour of soft tissues following bone movement by pre- and post-treatment by […]Read More
Validation of the Alberta Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea (APOSA) Index for Orthodontic Treatment Need in Pediatric Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms.
Date: April 2016. Source: PhD Thesis. Medical Sciences, Orthodontics, University of Alberta. Objective: To determine the predictive ability of the Alberta Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea (APOSA) Index for orthodontic treatment need in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea symptoms. Methods: Thirty orthodontic records, representing a spectrum of craniofacial and oral features and severity, were evaluated […]Read More
Using the 3D Facial Norms Database to investigate craniofacial sexual dimorphism in healthy children, adolescents, and adults. MJ Kesterke, ZD Raffensperger, CL Heike, ML Cunningham, JT Hecht, CH Kau, NL Nidey, LM Moreno, GL Wehby, ML Marazita, and SM Weinberg.
Date: April 2016 Source: Biology of Sex Differences. Background: Although craniofacial sex differences have been extensively studied in humans, relatively little is known about when various dimorphic features manifest during postnatal life. Using cross-sectional data derived from the 3D Facial Norms data repository, we tested for sexual dimorphism of craniofacial soft-tissue morphology at different ages. […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Unrepaired Cleft Lip: Defining a Standard for the Three-Dimensional Mid-facial Reference Plane. J Wu, C Heike, C Birgfeld, K Evans, M Maga, C Morrison, B Saltzman, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: March 2016 (Online ahead of print) Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Quantitative measures of facial form to evaluate treatment outcomes for cleft lip (CL) are currently limited. Computer-based analysis of three-dimensional (3D) images provides an opportunity for efficient and objective analysis. The purpose of this study was to define a computer-based standard of […]Read More
The Oropharyngeal Airway in Young Adults with Skeletal Class II and Class III Deformities: A 3-D Morphometric Analysis. YSN Jayaratne, RA Zwahlen.
Date: February 2016. Source: PLOS | One. Objective: 1) To determine the accuracy and reliability of an automated anthropometric measurement software for the oropharyngeal airway and 2) To compare the anthropometric dimensions of the oropharyngeal airway in skeletal class II and III deformity patients. Methods: Cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans of 62 patients with skeletal class […]Read More
Facial soft-tissue changes after rapid maxillary expansion analyzed with 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetry: A randomized, controlled clinical trial. A Baysal, MA Ozturk, AO Sahan, T Uysal.
Date: February 2016 (ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT). Source: Angle Orthodontist Objective: To evaluate three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue facial changes following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and to compare these changes with an untreated control group. Materials and Methods: Patients who need RME as a part of their orthodontic treatment were randomly divided into two groups of […]Read More
Reproducibility and reliability of three-dimensional soft tissue landmark identification using three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry. A Baysal, AO Sahan, MA Ozturk, T Uysal.
Date: February 2016 (ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT). Source: Angle Orthodontist Objective: To evaluate the intraexaminer repeatability and interexaminer reproducibility of soft tissue landmarks on three-dimensional (3D) stereophogrammetric images. Materials and Methods: Thirty-four stereophotogrammetric images were taken and 19 soft tissue points were identified. The images were obtained using the 3dMDface (3dMD, Atlanta, USA) system. Two […]Read More
Facial morphology in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and moderate to severe temporomandibular joint involvement. YJ Hsieh, TA Darvann, NV Hermann, P Larsen, YF Liao, J Bjoern-Joergensen, S Kreiborg.
Date: February 2016 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 149, Issue 2, Pages 182–191. Highlights: • We evaluated lateral facial morphology of juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients with moderate and severe TMJ involvement. • Differences in their lateral facial morphologies between unilateral and bilateral TMJ involvement were also assessed. Introduction: The aims of […]Read More
Does powdering of the dentition increase the accuracy of fusing 3D stereophotographs and digital dental casts. FA Rangel, YT Chiu, TJJ Maal, EM Bronkhorst, SJ Bergé, AM Kuijpers-Jagtman.
Date: January 2016 (Online) Source: The European Journal of Orthodontics. Objective: The shiny vestibular surfaces of teeth make it difficult to match digital dental casts to 3D stereophotogrammetric images of patient teeth. This study tested whether reducing this shininess by coating the teeth with titanium-oxide powder might improve the accuracy of the matching procedure. Methods: […]Read More
Regional facial asymmetries and attractiveness of the face. AE Kaipainen, KR Sieber, RM Nada, TJ Maal, C Katsaros, PS Fudalej.
Date: December 2015 Source: The European Journal of Orthodontics. Objective: Facial attractiveness is an important factor in our social interactions. It is still not entirely clear which factors influence the attractiveness of a face and facial asymmetry appears to play a certain role. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between […]Read More
Facial asymmetry assessment in adults using three-dimensional surface imaging. Patel et al. 2015.
Date: October 2015. Source: Progress in Orthodontics 201516:36. Background: The use of three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging is becoming more popular and accepted in the fields of Medicine and Dentistry. The present study aims to develop a technique to automatically localise and quantify soft-tissue asymmetry in adults using 3D facial scans. This may be applied as […]Read More
Three-Dimensional Evaluation of Changes in Lip Position for Before to After Debonding Procedure. F Öztürk, M Ersöz, Y Çamili, E Hatunoğlu, S Altindiş.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Study Aim: To evaluate the possible soft tissue changes after the debonding of orthodontic fixed attachments using the 3dMDface System (3dMD, Atlanta). Method: Three dimensional images of 20 subjects were taken in natural head position before and after the debonding procedure with the 3dMD system. […]Read More
Analysis of Characteristic Facial Features in Patients with Hypodontia using Three-Dimensional Imaging. S Ani, J Collins, S Cunningham, C Ruff.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Study Aims: To analyse the facial features associated with hypodontia using 3D surface imaging and establish the effect of its severity on facial morphology. Method: A study group of 70 hypodontia patients and a control group of 40 Class I patients were recruited to allow […]Read More
Evaluation of Nasal Soft Tissue Changes in a Newborn with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Before and After Nasoalveolar Molding Using a Three-Dimensional System. F Ozturk, E Cakir, SA Ozturk, E Hatunoglu.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Introduction: The pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) treatment protocol for cleft patients has been described by Grayson et al. (1993), Brecht et al. (1995), and Cutting et al. (1998). Pre-surgical nasal molding produces tissue expansion of the columella and nasal lining. The purpose of this case […]Read More
Evaluating 3-Dimensional Soft Tissue Changes in Class III Chinese Patients after Orthognathic Surgery. JX Su, M Yow, MT Chew, HC Wong.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Aim: To evaluate facial soft tissue changes in Class III skeletal Chinese patients who have undergone orthognathic surgery. Objective. To determine if there is a correlation between hard and soft tissue movement after orthognathic surgery. Study Design: This is a retrospective study involving 15 Chinese […]Read More
Assessment of the effects of different rapid maxillary expansion appliances on facial soft tissues using three-dimensional imaging, S Altındiş, E Toy, FA Başçiftçi.
Date: September 18, 2015. Source: Angle Orthodontist [Epub]. Objective: To determine three-dimensional (3D) effects of three different rapid maxillary expansion (RME) appliances on facial soft tissues. Materials and Methods: Forty-two children (18 boys, 24 girls) who required RME treatment were included in this study. Patients were randomly divided into three equal groups: banded RME, acrylic […]Read More
Craniofacial Image Analysis. E Mercan, I Atmosukarto, J Wu, S Liang, LG Shapiro.
Date: July 2015. Source: Health Monitoring and Personalized Feedback using Multimedia Data. Springer. Abstract: Craniofacial researchers have used anthropometric measurements taken directly on the human face for research and medical practice for decades. With the advancements in 3D imaging technologies, computational methods have been developed for the diagnoses of craniofacial syndromes and the analysis of […]Read More
Comparison of the Facial Morphologies of Identical Twins Using Three-Dimensional Photography: A Case Report. Sedat Altindis, Erdem Hatunoglu, Emine Toptan.
Date: July 2015 Source: Medicine Science | International Medical Journal. Abstract: The facial morphologies of identical twins were compared using the 3dMD three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetry system. 3D images of the faces of 27-year-old identical twins were acquired and then superimposed. The differences were shown in a color histogram generated using 3dMD Vultus software. The faces […]Read More
Recording and Transferring Head Positions to the Virtual Head Using a Multicamera System and Laser Level. KY Tian, ZL Xue, XJ Liu, X Wang, Z Li.
Date: June 2015. Source: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: To fulfill the requirements of computer-aided orthognathic surgery, we developed a method of recording head positions in pitch and roll, and tested its accuracy and reliability. Materials and Methods: A laser level was used to project a horizontal laser line onto a volunteer’s face. […]Read More
3D digital surface imaging for quantification of facial development and asymmetry in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. NV Hermann, TA Darvann, P Larsen, S Kreiborg.
Date: June 2015. Source: Seminars in Orthodontics, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 121–124. Abstract: 3D digital surface imaging (digital stereophotogrammetry or “3D photography”) is becoming an increasingly popular tool for quantification of the face, in clinical contexts as well as for research. The modality is easy to apply and is free from motion artifacts and […]Read More
A Solution to Face-to-Face Contact in Tele-Presence Systems. X Zhou, P Boulanger.
Date: June 2015 Source: 2015 12th Conference on Computer and Robot Vision (CRV) Proceedings (p 230 – 236), Halifax, Canada. Abstract: In tele-presence systems, direct face-to-face contact, is essential for emotional communication as it carries non-verbal clues. In commercial products, face-to-face contact is approximated by using either a large semi-transparent mirror to project an image […]Read More
Cephalometric analysis and long-term outcomes of orthognathic surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. ED Ubaldo, GM Greenlee, J Moore, E Sommers, and AM Bollen.
Date: June 2015. Source: The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(6):752-9. Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe skeletal and posterior airway changes after orthodontic treatment and surgical jaw advancement, and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between increasing advancement and a long-term reduction in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Lateral […]Read More
Thesis: Investigating the Accuracy and Reproducibility of 3dMDface System for Soft Tissue Analysis. YM Kachroo.
Date: June 2015. Source: Theses. ProQuest, Publication No. 1590412. University of California, Los Angeles. Advisers: Yeumin Hong; Won Moon. Objective: Three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue (ST) changes from orthodontic treatment can now be evaluated with the development of 3D photography. However, the accuracy and reliability of this method is still in question. This study aims to […]Read More
Validation of a new method to measure facial soft tissue movements. CA Trotman, T Lu, V Sirianna.
Date: May 2015. Source: International Association for Dental Research, Boston, USA. Poster: #4342. Authors: CA Trotman, T Lu, V Sirianna. School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.Read More
The virtual patient in dental medicine. T Joda, GO Gallucci.
Date: April 2015. Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research, 26, pp 725–726. Objectives: The aim of this Short Communication was to present a workflow for the superimposition of intraoral scan (IOS), cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and extraoral face scan (EOS) creating a 3D virtual dental patient. Material and Methods: As a proof-of-principle, full arch IOS, preoperative […]Read More
Comparison of three surgical techniques for controlling nasal width after Le Fort I osteotomy. ZQ Wang, XX Wang, ZL Li, B Yi, C Liang, X Wang.
Date: March 2015. Source: Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao (Journal of Peking University, Health Sciences), 47(1):104-108. OBJECTIVE: To identify nasal width changes occurring after Le Fort I osteotomy and to compare prospectively the effect of three surgical techniques for controlling postoperative nasal width. METHODS: In the study, 79 patients (22 male and 57 female, mean […]Read More
Monobloc Le Fort III Distraction Osteogenesis for Correction of Severe Fronto-orbital and Midface Hypoplasia in Pediatric Crouzon Syndrome. F Hariri, LK Cheung, ZA Rahman, V Mathaneswaran, D Ganesan.
Date: February 2015. Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Abstract: In severe syndromic craniosynostosis, distraction osteogenesis (DO) provides superior segmental advancement and allows progressive clinical monitoring to ensure that adequate skeletal expansion is achieved. We report two cases of Crouzon syndrome involving a 3-year-old boy and a 4-year-old girl, who were both treated with monobloc Le […]Read More
Three-dimensional changes in nose and upper lip volume after orthognathic surgery. B van Loon, N van Heerbeek, F Bierenbroodspot, L Verhamme, T Xi, MJJ de Koning, KJAO Ingels, SJ Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: January 2015 Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(1):83-9. Abstract: Orthognathic surgery aims to improve both the function and facial appearance of the patient. Translation of the maxillomandibular complex for correction of malocclusion is always followed by changes to the covering soft tissues, especially the nose and lips. The purpose of this study […]Read More