Three Basic Steps for Applying Digital Images to Oral and Facial Surgery. M ZAWARTKA, J WANG, B ZHENG
Date: December 2016. Source: The Chinese Journal of Dental Research, Volume 19, Number 4, pp185-189. Abstract: In this paper, the authors discuss three basic steps related to the application of digital technology to reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS), in an effort to improve surgical outcomes. These steps include acquiring digital images, processing images in […]Read More
Orbital Reconstruction: Patient-Specific Orbital Floor Reconstruction Using a Mirroring Technique and a Customized Titanium Mesh. A Tarsitano, G Badiali, A Pizzigallo, C Marchetti.
Date: October 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, Volume 27, Issue 7, p 1822–1825. Objective: Enophthalmos is a severe complication of primary reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. The goal of secondary reconstruction procedures is to restore symmetrical globe positions to recover function and aesthetics. The authors propose a new method of orbital floor reconstruction using […]Read More
Three-dimensional evaluation of the alar cinch suture after Le Fort I osteotomy. B van Loon, L Verhamme, T Xi, MJJ de Koning, SJ Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: October 2016. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 45, Issue 10, Pages 1309–1314. Abstract: Orthognathic surgery has an influence on the overlying soft tissues of the translated bony maxillomandibular complex. Improvements in both function and facial appearance are the goals of surgery. However, unwanted changes to the soft tissues, especially in […]Read More
The course of positional cranial deformation from 3 to 12 months of age and associated risk factors: a follow-up with 3D imaging. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, V Harila, T Heikkinen, P Pirttiniemi, L Holmström, AM Valkama.
Date: Source: European Journal of Pediatrics, pp 1–11. doi:10.1007/s00431-016-2773-z Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly is reported in up to 46.6 % of healthy infants, with the highest point prevalence at around 3 months of age. Few prospective studies on the natural course of skull deformation have been conducted, and we know of no studies using 3D imaging […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Cleft Lip. Part 3: Quantifying Nasal Symmetry and Nasal Normalcy Before and After Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair. S Liang, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: October 2016 (Online). Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: The purpose of this project was to develop objective computer-based methods to measure nasal asymmetry and abnormality in children undergoing treatment of unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and to determine the correlation of these measures to clinical expectations. Participants: Thirty infants with UCL undergoing cleft lip […]Read More
Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Facial Morphological Variation: A 3D Population-Based Twin Study. J Djordjevic, AI Zhurov, S Richmond, Visigen Consortium.
Date: September 2016 Source: PLoS One. 11(9):e0162250. Introduction: Facial phenotype is influenced by genes and environment; however, little is known about their relative contributions to normal facial morphology. The aim of this study was to assess the relative genetic and environmental contributions to facial morphological variation using a three-dimensional (3D) population-based approach and the classical […]Read More
Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Multiple Loci Influencing Normal Human Facial Morphology. JR Shaffer, E Orlova, MK Lee, EJ Leslie, ZD Raffensperger, CL Heike, more…
Date: August 2016 Source: PLOS Genetics Abstract: Numerous lines of evidence point to a genetic basis for facial morphology in humans, yet little is known about how specific genetic variants relate to the phenotypic expression of many common facial features. We conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses of 20 quantitative facial measurements derived from the 3D surface […]Read More
Endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS): The craniofacial team Nijmegen experience. HHK Delye, S Arts, WA Borstlap, LM Blok, JJ Driessen, JW Meulstee, TJJ Maal, EJ van Lindert
Date: August 2016 Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Volume 44, Issue 8, Pages 1029–1036. Introduction: An evaluation of our first 111 consecutive cases of non-syndromic endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS) followed by helmet therapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registration database was performed. Age, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, blood loss, transfusion […]Read More
New expert panel hoping to unlock mysteries of undiagnosed diseases.
Date: 23 Jul 2016, 10:23p Source: ABC News Australia Author: Claire Moodie Jessica’s mystery disease tackled by expert panel The family of a Perth girl is cautiously hoping a panel of experts will be able to diagnose the mystery condition which has baffled the 11-year-old’s doctors for years. 190,000 West Australians affected by rare diseases. […]Read More
3D Workflows in Orthodontics, Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics. Wicher J. van der Meer.
Date: 2016 Source: PhD Thesis Abstract: 3D workflows should result in clinical procedures that help clinicians to get better results with less effort and at lower costs. In other words, the 3D technology should make complex and difficult clinical procedures simpler and easier with reduced costs for healthcare. If 3D workflows are available with a […]Read More
Hypertelorism and Orofacial Clefting Revisited: An Anthropometric Investigation. SM Weinberg, EJ Leslie, JT Hecht, GL Wehby, FWB Deleyiannis, LM Moreno, K Christensen, ML Marazita.
Date: June 2016. ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Since the 1960s, multiple studies have reported a tendency toward hypertelorism in individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (OFCs). However, the association between specific cleft types and increased interorbital distance has been inconsistent. Using three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging, we tested whether different forms […]Read More
Multimodal Image Registration for Mandible Motion Tracking. AA Tomaka, M Tarnawski, D Pojda.
Date: May 2016 Source: Information Technologies in Medicine, Volume 471 of the series Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing pp 179-191. Abstract: The analysis of the condyle position in temporomandibular joint is crucial issue in differential diagnosis of bruxism and centric relation/maximal intercuspidation discrepancy or other temporomandibular joint disorders. The matter of importance are both […]Read More
Reproducibility of the lip position at rest: A 3-dimensional perspective. Furkan Dindaroğlu, Gökhan Serhat Duran, Serkan Görgülü.
Date: May 2016. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 149, Issue 5, Pages 757–765. Highlights: • We assessed the reproducibility of the rest position using 3D soft tissue images. • 3D stereophotogrammetry images of a participant were acquired using 3dMD flex. • The reproducibility was assessed on the same day and 6 […]Read More
Evaluation of Soft Tissue Profile Change Following Bi-maxillary Surgery in Dento-skeletal Class III by Photogrammetric Analysis. A Torroni, G Gasparini, A Moro, G Saponaro, E Foresta, P De Angelis, D Cervelli, C Azzuni, R Boniello, L Pallottini, A Borelli, G Jafari, S Pelo, R Deli, and G Longo.
Date: April 2016 Source: British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research 15(2): 1-11, Article no. BJMMR.25350. Abstract: 3D analysis allows for simulation of orthognathic surgery and prediction of aesthetic and functional outcomes. Our study aims to find common and repeatable parameters on the behaviour of soft tissues following bone movement by pre- and post-treatment by […]Read More
Infantile hemangioma status by dynamic infrared thermography: A preliminary study. SA Burkes, M Patel, DM Adams, AM Hammill, KP Eaton, RR Wickett, MO Visscher.
Date: April 2016. Source: International Journal of Dermatology. Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are initially warm due to increased proliferation and perfusion then involute with apoptosis and reduced perfusion. Objective quantitative evaluation of IH treatment response is essential for improving outcomes. We applied a functional imaging method, dynamic infrared (IR) thermography, to investigate IH status versus […]Read More
Using the 3D Facial Norms Database to investigate craniofacial sexual dimorphism in healthy children, adolescents, and adults. MJ Kesterke, ZD Raffensperger, CL Heike, ML Cunningham, JT Hecht, CH Kau, NL Nidey, LM Moreno, GL Wehby, ML Marazita, and SM Weinberg.
Date: April 2016 Source: Biology of Sex Differences. Background: Although craniofacial sex differences have been extensively studied in humans, relatively little is known about when various dimorphic features manifest during postnatal life. Using cross-sectional data derived from the 3D Facial Norms data repository, we tested for sexual dimorphism of craniofacial soft-tissue morphology at different ages. […]Read More
3dMD is a Gold Sponsor and Launches Next-Generation of Temporal-3D (4D) Systems for Everyday Clinical Use at ACPA’s 73rd Annual Meeting.
ATLANTA. The American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPA) is pleased to announce 3dMD as the Gold Sponsor for the American Cleft Palate Association’s 73rd Annual Meeting and Pre-Conference Symposium. 3dMD is a longtime exhibitor and is returning as a sponsor this year. “We are pleased that Atlanta-based 3dMD will be joining us as an exhibitor and […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Unrepaired Cleft Lip: Defining a Standard for the Three-Dimensional Mid-facial Reference Plane. J Wu, C Heike, C Birgfeld, K Evans, M Maga, C Morrison, B Saltzman, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: March 2016 (Online ahead of print) Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Quantitative measures of facial form to evaluate treatment outcomes for cleft lip (CL) are currently limited. Computer-based analysis of three-dimensional (3D) images provides an opportunity for efficient and objective analysis. The purpose of this study was to define a computer-based standard of […]Read More
The Oropharyngeal Airway in Young Adults with Skeletal Class II and Class III Deformities: A 3-D Morphometric Analysis. YSN Jayaratne, RA Zwahlen.
Date: February 2016. Source: PLOS | One. Objective: 1) To determine the accuracy and reliability of an automated anthropometric measurement software for the oropharyngeal airway and 2) To compare the anthropometric dimensions of the oropharyngeal airway in skeletal class II and III deformity patients. Methods: Cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans of 62 patients with skeletal class […]Read More
Facial soft-tissue changes after rapid maxillary expansion analyzed with 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetry: A randomized, controlled clinical trial. A Baysal, MA Ozturk, AO Sahan, T Uysal.
Date: February 2016 (ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT). Source: Angle Orthodontist Objective: To evaluate three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue facial changes following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and to compare these changes with an untreated control group. Materials and Methods: Patients who need RME as a part of their orthodontic treatment were randomly divided into two groups of […]Read More
Reproducibility and reliability of three-dimensional soft tissue landmark identification using three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry. A Baysal, AO Sahan, MA Ozturk, T Uysal.
Date: February 2016 (ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT). Source: Angle Orthodontist Objective: To evaluate the intraexaminer repeatability and interexaminer reproducibility of soft tissue landmarks on three-dimensional (3D) stereophogrammetric images. Materials and Methods: Thirty-four stereophotogrammetric images were taken and 19 soft tissue points were identified. The images were obtained using the 3dMDface (3dMD, Atlanta, USA) system. Two […]Read More
Facial morphology in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and moderate to severe temporomandibular joint involvement. YJ Hsieh, TA Darvann, NV Hermann, P Larsen, YF Liao, J Bjoern-Joergensen, S Kreiborg.
Date: February 2016 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 149, Issue 2, Pages 182–191. Highlights: • We evaluated lateral facial morphology of juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients with moderate and severe TMJ involvement. • Differences in their lateral facial morphologies between unilateral and bilateral TMJ involvement were also assessed. Introduction: The aims of […]Read More
A Pilot Study on the Influence of Facial Expression on Measurements in Three-Dimensional Digital Surfaces of the Face in Infants With Cleft Lip and Palate. NV Hermann, TA Darvann, P Larsen, P Lindholm, M Andersen, S Kreiborg.
Date: January 2016. Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. OBJECTIVE: Three-dimensional surface imaging is an increasingly popular modality for face measurements in infants with cleft lip and palate. Infants are noncompliant toward producing specific facial expressions, and selecting the appropriate moment of acquisition is challenging. The objective was to estimate amount and spatial distribution of deformation […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Cleft Lip. Part 2: Quantification of Nasolabial Symmetry Before and After Cleft Lip Repair. J Wu, S Liang, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: December 2015. Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: The first part of this study validated an automated computer-based method of identifying the three-dimensional midfacial plane in children with unrepaired cleft lip. The purpose of this second part is to develop computer-based methods to quantify symmetry and to determine the correlation of these measures to […]Read More
Correction of nasal deformity in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate using multiple digital techniques. Y Zheng, DP Zhang, T Qin, GF Wu.
Date: December 2015. Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: Presurgical correction of severe nasal deformities before cheiloplasty is often recommended for infants with cleft lip and palate. This article describes an approach for the computer-aided design and fabrication of a nasal molding stent. A 3-dimensional photogrammetric system was used to obtain the shape information of […]Read More
Regional facial asymmetries and attractiveness of the face. AE Kaipainen, KR Sieber, RM Nada, TJ Maal, C Katsaros, PS Fudalej.
Date: December 2015 Source: The European Journal of Orthodontics. Objective: Facial attractiveness is an important factor in our social interactions. It is still not entirely clear which factors influence the attractiveness of a face and facial asymmetry appears to play a certain role. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between […]Read More
Delayed intracranial hypertension after surgery for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. S Lam, KM Wagner, E Middlebrook, TG. Luerssen.
Date: December 2015 Source: Surgical Neurology International. 2015; 6: 187. Case Example: A 2-month-old boy presented with an elongated (anterior-posterior) head shape, prominent wide forehead, and bitemporal narrowing. There was a visible and palpable bony keel along the sagittal suture that was present since birth. He was the first child in the family, born at […]Read More
Multidimensional esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis: A 5-year retrospective study. Yu D, Xing G, Nie P, Zhang X, Steve Shen G.
Date: November 2015 Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. [Epub ahead of print] Statement of Issue: No published quantitative or qualitative studies are available of the 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate (CLP) wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis (MPRDP). Purpose The purpose of this retrospective clinical […]Read More
The 3D Facial Norms Database: Part 1. A Web-Based Craniofacial Anthropometric and Image Repository for the Clinical and Research Community.
Date: October 2015 [Epub ahead of print]. Source: Cleft Palate Craniofacial Journal. Background: Although craniofacial sex differences have been extensively studied in humans, relatively little is known about when various dimorphic features manifest during postnatal life. Using cross-sectional data derived from the 3D Facial Norms data repository, we tested for sexual dimorphism of craniofacial soft-tissue […]Read More
Three-Dimensional Evaluation of Changes in Lip Position for Before to After Debonding Procedure. F Öztürk, M Ersöz, Y Çamili, E Hatunoğlu, S Altindiş.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Study Aim: To evaluate the possible soft tissue changes after the debonding of orthodontic fixed attachments using the 3dMDface System (3dMD, Atlanta). Method: Three dimensional images of 20 subjects were taken in natural head position before and after the debonding procedure with the 3dMD system. […]Read More
Analysis of Characteristic Facial Features in Patients with Hypodontia using Three-Dimensional Imaging. S Ani, J Collins, S Cunningham, C Ruff.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Study Aims: To analyse the facial features associated with hypodontia using 3D surface imaging and establish the effect of its severity on facial morphology. Method: A study group of 70 hypodontia patients and a control group of 40 Class I patients were recruited to allow […]Read More
Evaluation of Nasal Soft Tissue Changes in a Newborn with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Before and After Nasoalveolar Molding Using a Three-Dimensional System. F Ozturk, E Cakir, SA Ozturk, E Hatunoglu.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Introduction: The pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) treatment protocol for cleft patients has been described by Grayson et al. (1993), Brecht et al. (1995), and Cutting et al. (1998). Pre-surgical nasal molding produces tissue expansion of the columella and nasal lining. The purpose of this case […]Read More
Evaluating 3-Dimensional Soft Tissue Changes in Class III Chinese Patients after Orthognathic Surgery. JX Su, M Yow, MT Chew, HC Wong.
Date: September 2015. Source: 8th International Orthodontic Congress 2015, London. Aim: To evaluate facial soft tissue changes in Class III skeletal Chinese patients who have undergone orthognathic surgery. Objective. To determine if there is a correlation between hard and soft tissue movement after orthognathic surgery. Study Design: This is a retrospective study involving 15 Chinese […]Read More
A Morphable Profile Model of the Human Head as an Outcome Tool for Craniosynostosis Surgery, C Duncan, R Armstrong, NE Pears.
Date: September 15, 2015. Source: 16th Congress of International Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS) 2015. Presenter: C Duncan. Introduction: Outcome analysis in craniosynostosis surgery is difficult and often relies on limited anthropometric measurement, qualitative analysis of photography or patient reported outcome. Quantifiable morphable models of the human face have been described but, to date, a […]Read More
Preventing deformational plagiocephaly through parent guidance: a randomized, controlled trial. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, V Harila, T Heikkinen, P Pirttiniemi, AM Valkama.
Date: September 2015. Source: European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(9):1197-208. Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) occurs frequently in otherwise healthy infants. Many infants with DP undergo physiotherapy or helmet therapy, and ample treatment-related research is available. However, the possibility of preventing DP has been left with little attention. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention in the […]Read More
Craniofacial Image Analysis. E Mercan, I Atmosukarto, J Wu, S Liang, LG Shapiro.
Date: July 2015. Source: Health Monitoring and Personalized Feedback using Multimedia Data. Springer. Abstract: Craniofacial researchers have used anthropometric measurements taken directly on the human face for research and medical practice for decades. With the advancements in 3D imaging technologies, computational methods have been developed for the diagnoses of craniofacial syndromes and the analysis of […]Read More
Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair Using the Anatomical Subunit Approximation: Modifications and Analysis of Early Results in 100 Consecutive Cases. R Tse, S Lien.
Date: July 2015. Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 136(1):119-30. Abstract: The “Anatomic Subunit Approximation” for unilateral cleft lip repair has gained acceptance, however, outcomes have not been reported since the original description. The purpose of this study is to report the experience using this technique. Methods: One hundred two consecutive patients underwent primary cleft lip […]Read More
Evaluation of the Accuracy of a 3D Imaging System in Craniofacial Patients. J Wittig.
Date: June 25, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Summary: 3D imaging is an established tool for facial measurement and documentation of craniofacial patients. To date, little data exists about the accuracy of measurements of the whole head in 3D photography, particularly where the presence of hair may impair measurements. 21 patients who […]Read More
The Use of 3D Imaging in Craniosynostosis; Surgical Planning; and Follow-Up. T Maal.
Date: June 24, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Presentation: The Use of 3D Imaging in Craniosynostosis; Surgical Planning; and Follow-Up. Presenter: Thomas J Maal, 3D Lab, Department of Oral- and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands.Read More
Methods for Extraction and Analysis of Shape and Asymmetry from Craniofacial 3D Images. TA Darvann.
Date: June 24, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Summary: Being able to compare images is one of the core technologies of medical image analysis. In order to quantify change, e.g. due to growth or surgery, it is necessary to compare two or more images. And as part of population studies it is […]Read More
3D digital surface imaging for quantification of facial development and asymmetry in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. NV Hermann, TA Darvann, P Larsen, S Kreiborg.
Date: June 2015. Source: Seminars in Orthodontics, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 121–124. Abstract: 3D digital surface imaging (digital stereophotogrammetry or “3D photography”) is becoming an increasingly popular tool for quantification of the face, in clinical contexts as well as for research. The modality is easy to apply and is free from motion artifacts and […]Read More
A Solution to Face-to-Face Contact in Tele-Presence Systems. X Zhou, P Boulanger.
Date: June 2015 Source: 2015 12th Conference on Computer and Robot Vision (CRV) Proceedings (p 230 – 236), Halifax, Canada. Abstract: In tele-presence systems, direct face-to-face contact, is essential for emotional communication as it carries non-verbal clues. In commercial products, face-to-face contact is approximated by using either a large semi-transparent mirror to project an image […]Read More
Cephalometric analysis and long-term outcomes of orthognathic surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. ED Ubaldo, GM Greenlee, J Moore, E Sommers, and AM Bollen.
Date: June 2015. Source: The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(6):752-9. Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe skeletal and posterior airway changes after orthodontic treatment and surgical jaw advancement, and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between increasing advancement and a long-term reduction in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Lateral […]Read More
Thesis: Investigating the Accuracy and Reproducibility of 3dMDface System for Soft Tissue Analysis. YM Kachroo.
Date: June 2015. Source: Theses. ProQuest, Publication No. 1590412. University of California, Los Angeles. Advisers: Yeumin Hong; Won Moon. Objective: Three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue (ST) changes from orthodontic treatment can now be evaluated with the development of 3D photography. However, the accuracy and reliability of this method is still in question. This study aims to […]Read More
Precision of three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry (3dMD) in anthropometry of the auricle and its application in microtia reconstruction. ZC Chen, MN Albdour, JA Lizardo, YA Chen, KT Chen.
Date: May 2015. Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, Volume 68, Issue 5, Pages 622–631. Background: The advent of three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry in recent years has vastly helped the craniomaxillofacial field improve in terms of preoperative and intraoperative decision making. With regard to the auricle though, there is paucity of research as to the […]Read More
Comparing Facial 3D Analysis With DNA Testing to Determine Zygosities of Twins. V Vuollo, M Sidlauskas, A Sidlauskas, V Harila, L Salomskiene, A Zhurov, L Holmström, P Pirttiniemi, T Heikkinen.
Date: June 2015. Source: Twin Research and Human Genetics, Volume 18, Issue 03, pp 306-313. Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare facial 3D analysis to DNA testing in twin zygosity determinations. Facial 3D images of 106 pairs of young adult Lithuanian twins were taken with a stereophotogrammetric device (3dMD, Atlanta, Georgia) and […]Read More
Validation of a new method to measure facial soft tissue movements. CA Trotman, T Lu, V Sirianna.
Date: May 2015. Source: International Association for Dental Research, Boston, USA. Poster: #4342. Authors: CA Trotman, T Lu, V Sirianna. School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.Read More
Posterior cranial vault distraction in the management of syndromic multi-suture craniosynostosis: Outcomes and 3D photographic/CT-based morphometric analysis. CR Forrest, BM French, A Clausen.
Date: April 11-14, 2015. Source: AAPS 94th Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, AZ, USA. PURPOSE: Posterior cranial vault distraction has recently been popularized as a first intervention technique in the management of syndromic and multi-suture craniosynostosis. The purpose of this study was to present our experience with posterior cranial vault distraction in the management of these complex […]Read More