Large Scale 3D Morphable Models. J Booth, A Roussos, A Ponniah, D Dunaway, S Zafeiriou.
Date: April 2017. Source: International Journal of Computer Vision, pp 1–22. Abstract: We present large scale facial model (LSFM)—a 3D Morphable Model (3DMM) automatically constructed from 9663 distinct facial identities. To the best of our knowledge LSFM is the largest-scale Morphable Model ever constructed, containing statistical information from a huge variety of the human population. […]Read More
The Technique for 3D Printing Patient-Specific Models for Auricular Reconstruction. RL Flores, H Liss, S Raffaelli, A Humayun, K Khouri, PG Coelho, L Witek.
Date: April 2017. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: Currently, surgeons approach autogenous microtia repair by creating a two-dimensional (2D) tracing of the unaffected ear to approximate a three-dimensional (3D) construct, a difficult process. To address these shortcomings, this study introduces the fabrication of patient-specific, sterilizable 3D printed auricular model for autogenous auricular reconstruction. Methods: […]Read More
A new method for three-dimensional evaluation of the cranial shape and the automatic identification of craniosynostosis using 3D stereophotogrammetry. JW Meulstee1, LM Verhamme, WA Borstlap, F Van der Heijden, GA De Jong, T Xi, SJ Bergé, H Delye, TJJ Maal.
Date: April 2017 (Online). Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Abstract: Craniosynostosis is a congenital defect which can result in abnormal cranial morphology. Three dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is potentially an ideal technique for the evaluation of cranial morphology and diagnosis of craniosynostosis because it is fast and harmless. This study presents a new […]Read More
Analysis of Digital Documentation. KH Breuning, CH Kau.
Date: March 2017. Source: Digital Planning and Custom Orthodontic Treatment, First Edition. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chapter 4: Analysis of Digital Documentation. Authors: K. Hero Breuning and Chung H. Kau.Read More
Minimal Invasive Rhinoplasty: Fat Injection for Nasal Dorsum Contouring. S Lin, YC Hsiao, JJ Huang, CS Chang, PKT Chen, JP Chen, LJ Lo, YR Chen.
Date: March 2017. Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery, Volume 78, Issue 3, p S117–S123. Purpose: To determine the graft retention rate of fat injection rhinoplasty in the nasal dorsum region using 3dMD System. Materials and Methods: Thirteen consecutive patients (12 women and 1 man) treated by the corresponding author (F.C.S.C.) between April of 2014 and […]Read More
The Effects of Transcutaneous and Intraoral Low-Level Laser Therapy After Extraction of Lower Third Molars: A Randomized Single Blind, Placebo Controlled Dual-Center Study. SA Kahraman, S Cetiner, RA Strauss.
Date: March 2017. Source: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. Objective and background: The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The purpose of this study is to determine whether either transcutaneous or intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces postoperative pain and assists in the […]Read More
Radiation-free 3D head shape and volume evaluation after endoscopically assisted strip craniectomy followed by helmet therapy for trigonocephaly. G de Jonga, M Tolhuisen, J Meulstee, F van der Heijden, E van Lindert, W Borstlap, T Maal, H Delye.
Date: February 2017 (Online). Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Introduction: Radiation-free 3D post-operative sequential follow-up in craniosynostosis is hindered by the lack of consistent markers restricting evaluation to subjective comparison. However, using the computed cranial focal point (CCFP), it is possible to perform correct sequential image superposition and objective evaluation. We used this technique for […]Read More
A predictive model for obstructive sleep apnea and Down syndrome. BG Skotko et al.
Date: January 2017. Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs frequently in people with Down syndrome (DS) with reported prevalences ranging between 55% and 97%, compared to 1–4% in the neurotypical pediatric population. Sleep studies are often uncomfortable, costly, and poorly tolerated by individuals with DS. The objective of this […]Read More
The impact of aging on the three-dimensional aspect of the hand: a pilot study. IA Hoevenaren, TS Wesselius, JW Meulstee, RD Vreeken, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.
Date: January 2017 (ONLINE). Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. Background: With rejuvenation treatments of the skin gaining more and more popularity, the inquiry for rejuvenation of the hand grows. Until now, no imaging tool exists to analyze the aging process of the hand. Three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a reliable technique which is […]Read More
Comprehensive treatment approach for condylar hyperplasia and mandibular crowding with custom lingual braces and 2-jaw surgery. PG Kyteas, WS McKenzie, PD Waite, CH Kau.
Date: January 2017 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 151, Issue 1, PP 174–185. Highlights: • A woman had progressive condylar hyperplasia from age 3 years. • Three-dimensional diagnosis and treatment plan were conducted. • A self-ligating lingual brace system were used. • Three-dimensional surgery was performed and splints placed to correct […]Read More
The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. V Sharma, B Richard.
Date: December 2016 Source: Gray’s Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. 41st Edition, Elsevier, pp 45-46. Article: The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. Authors: Vikram Sharma, Bruce Richard.Read More
DENTAL TECHNIQUE: A 2-part facebow for CAD-CAM dentistry. YH Lam, TC Hsung, WS Choi, WK Luk, HN Pow.
Date: December 2016. Source: THE JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 116(6):843-847. Abstract: Converting the patient’s clinical information into the virtual world is a prerequisite for the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) of dental restorations. This article describes a modified facebow which facilitates the radiation-free registration of the maxillary teeth to a 3-dimensional face image for […]Read More
Three-dimensional soft tissue analysis of the hand: a novel method to investigate effects of acromegaly. IA Hoevenaren, MAEM Wagenmakers, SHPP Roerink, RT Netea-Maier, DJO Ulrich, TJJ Maal.
Date: December 2016. Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 429–434. Background: Acral overgrowth is a highly common clinical sign in patients with active acromegaly. To what extent this overgrowth persists after long-term remission of acromegaly is largely unknown. Using the new imaging technique of three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry, it is possible […]Read More
A comparison of soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. E Bhaskar.
Date: December 2016. Source: Master of Science Thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine the soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and compare them with the African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. The rationale for the study is […]Read More
Three Basic Steps for Applying Digital Images to Oral and Facial Surgery. M ZAWARTKA, J WANG, B ZHENG
Date: December 2016. Source: The Chinese Journal of Dental Research, Volume 19, Number 4, pp185-189. Abstract: In this paper, the authors discuss three basic steps related to the application of digital technology to reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS), in an effort to improve surgical outcomes. These steps include acquiring digital images, processing images in […]Read More
The 3D Facial Norms Database: Part 1. A Web-Based Craniofacial Anthropometric and Image Repository for the Clinical and Research Community.
Date: November 2016. Source: Cleft Palate Craniofacial Journal, 53(6) pp. e185–e197. Background: Although craniofacial sex differences have been extensively studied in humans, relatively little is known about when various dimorphic features manifest during postnatal life. Using cross-sectional data derived from the 3D Facial Norms data repository, we tested for sexual dimorphism of craniofacial soft-tissue morphology […]Read More
Orofacial rehabilitation with zygomatic implants: CAD-CAM bar and magnets for patients with nasal cancer after rhinectomy and partial maxillectomy. E King, C Abbott, L Dovgalski, J Owens.
Date: November 2016. Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: Nasal carcinoma extending into the premaxilla requires radical surgical excision including rhinectomy and partial maxillectomy. Rehabilitation is complex and involves the use of removable prostheses. Three patients treated with zygomatic implants and custom-milled bars to retain an obturator and nasal prosthesis are presented. Article: Orofacial […]Read More
Evaluation of therapeutic effect of virtual design for correcting facial asymmetry of skeletal Class Ⅲ deformity. Tian KY, Li QQ, Liu XJ, Wang XX, Li ZL, Wang X.
Date: October 2016 Source: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi (Chinese Journal of Stomatology) 51(10):594-599. Objective: To establish a computer-aided surgical simulation procedure based on the natural head position(NHP) for orthognathic surgery and to access the effect for correcting facial asymmetry for skeletal Class Ⅲ deformity. Methods: Thirty-five patients(male: 14 and female: 21, mean […]Read More
Academics hook up with lingerie company to improve radiotherapy treatment.
As seen on the Sheffield Hallam website… Academics at Sheffield Hallam University are working with a lingerie company and Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust to provide a new specially designed bra for some women undergoing breast radiotherapy, which they hope will improve accuracy of treatment and also help patients maintain dignity during radiotherapy. Working with […]Read More
Orbital Reconstruction: Patient-Specific Orbital Floor Reconstruction Using a Mirroring Technique and a Customized Titanium Mesh. A Tarsitano, G Badiali, A Pizzigallo, C Marchetti.
Date: October 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, Volume 27, Issue 7, p 1822–1825. Objective: Enophthalmos is a severe complication of primary reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. The goal of secondary reconstruction procedures is to restore symmetrical globe positions to recover function and aesthetics. The authors propose a new method of orbital floor reconstruction using […]Read More
Three-dimensional evaluation of the alar cinch suture after Le Fort I osteotomy. B van Loon, L Verhamme, T Xi, MJJ de Koning, SJ Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: October 2016. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 45, Issue 10, Pages 1309–1314. Abstract: Orthognathic surgery has an influence on the overlying soft tissues of the translated bony maxillomandibular complex. Improvements in both function and facial appearance are the goals of surgery. However, unwanted changes to the soft tissues, especially in […]Read More
Novel Three-Dimensional Understanding of Maxillary Cleft Distraction. SM Vaughan, CH Kau, PD Waite.
Date: September 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: Volume 27 – Issue 6 – p 1462–1464. Objective: To set forth a universal standard methodology for quantifying volumetric and linear changes in the craniofacial complex, utilizing three-dimensional data captured from a cleft-lip palate patient who underwent rigid external device (RED) distraction. Methods: Cone beam computed tomography […]Read More
The course of positional cranial deformation from 3 to 12 months of age and associated risk factors: a follow-up with 3D imaging. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, V Harila, T Heikkinen, P Pirttiniemi, L Holmström, AM Valkama.
Date: Source: European Journal of Pediatrics, pp 1–11. doi:10.1007/s00431-016-2773-z Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly is reported in up to 46.6 % of healthy infants, with the highest point prevalence at around 3 months of age. Few prospective studies on the natural course of skull deformation have been conducted, and we know of no studies using 3D imaging […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Cleft Lip. Part 3: Quantifying Nasal Symmetry and Nasal Normalcy Before and After Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair. S Liang, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: October 2016 (Online). Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: The purpose of this project was to develop objective computer-based methods to measure nasal asymmetry and abnormality in children undergoing treatment of unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and to determine the correlation of these measures to clinical expectations. Participants: Thirty infants with UCL undergoing cleft lip […]Read More
Three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry as an accurate tool in analysis of lymphedema of the hand. IA Hoevenaren, AC Verhulst, M Hameeteman, RD Vreeken, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.
Date: September 2016 (Online). Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. Background: Lymphedema of the upper extremity is a frequently seen manifestation after breast cancer surgery. Three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a reliable technique in clinical practice, for example in volume measurements. The purpose of this research was to investigate if 3D imaging could be […]Read More
Quantification of facial asymmetry: A comparative study of landmark-based and surface-based registrations. T Verhoeven, T Xic, R Schreurs, S Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: September 2016. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Volume 44, Issue 9, Pages 1131–1136. Objective: To compare the validity and reproducibility of four different methods for the quantification of soft tissue facial asymmetry. Methods: Twenty 3D-photographs were randomly selected from the healthy control database. To assess the validity of the one landmark-based and three surface-based […]Read More
Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Facial Morphological Variation: A 3D Population-Based Twin Study. J Djordjevic, AI Zhurov, S Richmond, Visigen Consortium.
Date: September 2016 Source: PLoS One. 11(9):e0162250. Introduction: Facial phenotype is influenced by genes and environment; however, little is known about their relative contributions to normal facial morphology. The aim of this study was to assess the relative genetic and environmental contributions to facial morphological variation using a three-dimensional (3D) population-based approach and the classical […]Read More
Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Multiple Loci Influencing Normal Human Facial Morphology. JR Shaffer, E Orlova, MK Lee, EJ Leslie, ZD Raffensperger, CL Heike, more…
Date: August 2016 Source: PLOS Genetics Abstract: Numerous lines of evidence point to a genetic basis for facial morphology in humans, yet little is known about how specific genetic variants relate to the phenotypic expression of many common facial features. We conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses of 20 quantitative facial measurements derived from the 3D surface […]Read More
Endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS): The craniofacial team Nijmegen experience. HHK Delye, S Arts, WA Borstlap, LM Blok, JJ Driessen, JW Meulstee, TJJ Maal, EJ van Lindert
Date: August 2016 Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Volume 44, Issue 8, Pages 1029–1036. Introduction: An evaluation of our first 111 consecutive cases of non-syndromic endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS) followed by helmet therapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registration database was performed. Age, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, blood loss, transfusion […]Read More
Heritability maps of human face morphology through large-scale automated three-dimensional phenotyping. D Tsagkrasoulis, P Hysi, T Spector, G Montana.
Date: August 2016 Source: ResearchGate Abstract: The human face is a complex trait under strong genetic control, as evidenced by the striking visual similarity between twins. Nevertheless, heritability estimates of facial traits have often been surprisingly low or difficult to replicate. Furthermore, the construction of facial phenotypes that correspond to naturally perceived facial features remains […]Read More
Multiscale Mechano-Biological Finite Element Modelling of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery—Numerical Study towards Surgical Planning and Cosmetic Outcome Prediction. Vavourakis V, Eiben B, Hipwell JH, Williams NR, Keshtgar M, Hawkes DJ.
Date: July 2016 Source: PLoS ONE 11(7): e0159766. Abstract: Surgical treatment for early-stage breast carcinoma primarily necessitates breast conserving therapy (BCT), where the tumour is removed while preserving the breast shape. To date, there have been very few attempts to develop accurate and efficient computational tools that could be used in the clinical environment for […]Read More
New expert panel hoping to unlock mysteries of undiagnosed diseases.
Date: 23 Jul 2016, 10:23p Source: ABC News Australia Author: Claire Moodie Jessica’s mystery disease tackled by expert panel The family of a Perth girl is cautiously hoping a panel of experts will be able to diagnose the mystery condition which has baffled the 11-year-old’s doctors for years. 190,000 West Australians affected by rare diseases. […]Read More
Effects of rapid maxillary expansion on facial soft tissues. F Dindaroğlu, GS Duran, S Görgülü.
Date: July 2016. Source: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie, Volume 77, Issue 4, pp 242–250. Objective: Changes in soft tissue in various morphological regions of the face immediately after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) were examined using three-dimensional (3D) deviation analyses. Patients and Methods: A total of 50 patients were included in the […]Read More
Evaluation of the effects of the low-level laser therapy on swelling, pain, and trismus after removal of impacted lower third molar. H Alan, Ü Yolcu, M Koparal, C Özgür, SA Öztürk, D Malkoç.
Date: July 2016 Source: Head & Face Medicine Background: In current study we aimed to examine the effect of a low-level laser therapy on the pain, mouth opening and swelling of patients whose impacted 3rd molar tooth was extracted in addition measurement volumetrically to the edema with 3dMDface system. Methods: It was surveyed 15 patients […]Read More
3D Workflows in Orthodontics, Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics. Wicher J. van der Meer.
Date: 2016 Source: PhD Thesis Abstract: 3D workflows should result in clinical procedures that help clinicians to get better results with less effort and at lower costs. In other words, the 3D technology should make complex and difficult clinical procedures simpler and easier with reduced costs for healthcare. If 3D workflows are available with a […]Read More
3D Facial Effects of a Simulated Dental Build-up. BAMM Sterenborg, TJJ Maal, RD Vreeken, BAC Loomans, MCDNJM Huysmans.
Date: June 2016. Source: J Esthet Restor Dent 28:397–404. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 3D-stereophotogrammetry technique to detect differences in facial appearance after a simulated rehabilitation. Materials and Methods: Eleven volunteers without tooth wear participated. A 3D-stereophotograph was taken in five different situations: resting position, teeth in occlusion, and teeth […]Read More
An excellent navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery: a double-center study. Dai, J. et al.
Date: June 2016. Source: Scientific Reports 6, 28242; doi: 10.1038/srep28242. Abstract: Numerous problems regarding craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery are not well understood. In this study, we performed a double-center clinical study to quantitatively evaluate the characteristics of our navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery. Fifty-six patients with craniomaxillofacial disease were included and randomly divided […]Read More
Breast Conserving Surgery Outcome Prediction: A Patient-Specific, Integrated Multi-modal Imaging and Mechano-Biological Modelling Framework. Eiben B. et al.
Date: June 2016. Source: Tingberg A., Lång K., Timberg P. (eds) Breast Imaging. IWDM 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9699. Springer, Cham. Abstract: Patient-specific surgical predictions of Breast Conserving Therapy, through mechano-biological simulations, could inform the shared decision making process between clinicians and patients by enabling the impact of different surgical options to […]Read More
Hypertelorism and Orofacial Clefting Revisited: An Anthropometric Investigation. SM Weinberg, EJ Leslie, JT Hecht, GL Wehby, FWB Deleyiannis, LM Moreno, K Christensen, ML Marazita.
Date: June 2016. ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Since the 1960s, multiple studies have reported a tendency toward hypertelorism in individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts (OFCs). However, the association between specific cleft types and increased interorbital distance has been inconsistent. Using three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging, we tested whether different forms […]Read More
Perception of Differences in Lip Profile between 2D and 3D. AM Hansen, SJ Lindauer, C Carrico.
Date: June 2016 Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden Poster Objective: To determine how laypeople perceived esthetic differences in lip position (flat versus ideal lip fullness) in 2D versus 3D.Read More
Evaluation of Soft Tissue Nasal Changes Following Maxillary Surgery Using 3D Facial Images of Chinese Patients. E Wong, M Yow, MT Chew, K Foong, HC Wong.
Date: June 2016 Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden Poster Objective: This study aims to evaluate nasal soft tissue changes following maxillary advancement surgery using images taken with a 3dMD camera of Chinese patients in the National Dental Centre Singapore (NDCS). A secondary objective is to determine if there is a correlation […]Read More
How do incisor inclination changes following orthodontic treatment influence the 3D configuration of the face? C Tanikawaw, K Takada, E Kakuno, R Kanomi.
Date: June 2016. Source: 92nd European Orthodontic Congress (EOS) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. Poster Objective: To examine the relationships between the facial topographic changes and the changes in incisor inclinations after orthodontic treatment.Read More
Multimodal Image Registration for Mandible Motion Tracking. AA Tomaka, M Tarnawski, D Pojda.
Date: May 2016 Source: Information Technologies in Medicine, Volume 471 of the series Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing pp 179-191. Abstract: The analysis of the condyle position in temporomandibular joint is crucial issue in differential diagnosis of bruxism and centric relation/maximal intercuspidation discrepancy or other temporomandibular joint disorders. The matter of importance are both […]Read More
An evaluation of effects of platelet-rich-fibrin on postoperative morbidities after lower third molar surgery. F Asutay, Ü Yolcu, O Geçör, AH Acar, SA Öztürk, S Malkoç.
Date: May 2016. Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess whether the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) decreased the pain, swelling, and trismus levels of postoperative third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: In a double-blinded, split-mouth randomized study, thirty patients (6 male/24 female, mean age 20.32 […]Read More
Reproducibility of the lip position at rest: A 3-dimensional perspective. Furkan Dindaroğlu, Gökhan Serhat Duran, Serkan Görgülü.
Date: May 2016. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 149, Issue 5, Pages 757–765. Highlights: • We assessed the reproducibility of the rest position using 3D soft tissue images. • 3D stereophotogrammetry images of a participant were acquired using 3dMD flex. • The reproducibility was assessed on the same day and 6 […]Read More
The MC1R Gene and Youthful Looks. F Liu, MA Hamer, J Deelen, JS Lall, L Jacobs, D van Heemst, PG Murray, A Wollstein, AJM de Craen, HW Uh, CQ Zeng, A Hofman, AG Uitterlinden, JJ Houwing-Duistermaat, LM Pardo, M Beekman, PE Slagboom, T Nijsten, M Kayser, DA Gunn.
Date: April 2016. Source: Current Biology, Volume 26, Issue 9, 9 May 2016, Pages 1213–1220. Highlights: • We present the first genetic associations with how old people look (perceived age) • Variants in MC1R, a pigmentation gene, significantly associated with perceived age • The MC1R association was independent of wrinkling, skin color, and sun exposure […]Read More
Perception of Differences in Lip Profile between 2-D and 3-D. Andrew M Hansen D.D.S.
Date: April 2016. Source: Theses and Dissertations. Virginia Commonwealth University. Background: Past studies evaluating the esthetics of orthodontic treatment have been done using 2-D images. New 3-D imaging offers an improved, real-life representation of a subject. The purpose of this study was to determine how laypeople perceived differences in lip position (flat versus ideal lip […]Read More
Evaluation of Soft Tissue Profile Change Following Bi-maxillary Surgery in Dento-skeletal Class III by Photogrammetric Analysis. A Torroni, G Gasparini, A Moro, G Saponaro, E Foresta, P De Angelis, D Cervelli, C Azzuni, R Boniello, L Pallottini, A Borelli, G Jafari, S Pelo, R Deli, and G Longo.
Date: April 2016 Source: British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research 15(2): 1-11, Article no. BJMMR.25350. Abstract: 3D analysis allows for simulation of orthognathic surgery and prediction of aesthetic and functional outcomes. Our study aims to find common and repeatable parameters on the behaviour of soft tissues following bone movement by pre- and post-treatment by […]Read More