A Phenotypically Driven Segmentation for 3-D Facial Morphology: Modularity of 3-D Faces Through Spectral Clustering. D SERO, D VANDERMEULEN, P CLAES.

Date: June 2017 Source: Biological Shape Analysis: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium (ISBSA), pp 249-258. School of Dentistry, UCLA, USA, 19–22 June 2015. Abstract: Facial morphology is the result of mazy interactions between environmental and epigenetic factors that lead to the composition of multiple subunits integrated to function as a whole. In this work, we […]

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Large Scale 3D Morphable Models. J Booth, A Roussos, A Ponniah, D Dunaway, S Zafeiriou.

Date: April 2017. Source: International Journal of Computer Vision, pp 1–22. Abstract: We present large scale facial model (LSFM)—a 3D Morphable Model (3DMM) automatically constructed from 9663 distinct facial identities. To the best of our knowledge LSFM is the largest-scale Morphable Model ever constructed, containing statistical information from a huge variety of the human population. […]

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Investigating the case of human nose shape and climate adaptation. AA Zaidi , BC Mattern, P Claes, B McEcoy, C Hughes, MD Shriver.

Date: March 2017. Source: PLoS Genetics 13(3): e1006616. Abstract: The evolutionary reasons for variation in nose shape across human populations have been subject to continuing debate. An import function of the nose and nasal cavity is to condition inspired air before it reaches the lower respiratory tract. For this reason, it is thought the observed […]

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The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. V Sharma, B Richard.

Date: December 2016 Source: Gray’s Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. 41st Edition, Elsevier, pp 45-46. Article: The Role of Three-Dimensional Imaging in Facial Anatomical Assessment. Authors: Vikram Sharma, Bruce Richard.

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3D Workflows in Orthodontics, Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics. Wicher J. van der Meer.

Date: 2016 Source: PhD Thesis Abstract: 3D workflows should result in clinical procedures that help clinicians to get better results with less effort and at lower costs. In other words, the 3D technology should make complex and difficult clinical procedures simpler and easier with reduced costs for healthcare. If 3D workflows are available with a […]

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The MC1R Gene and Youthful Looks. F Liu, MA Hamer, J Deelen, JS Lall, L Jacobs, D van Heemst, PG Murray, A Wollstein, AJM de Craen, HW Uh, CQ Zeng, A Hofman, AG Uitterlinden, JJ Houwing-Duistermaat, LM Pardo, M Beekman, PE Slagboom, T Nijsten, M Kayser, DA Gunn.

Date: April 2016. Source: Current Biology, Volume 26, Issue 9, 9 May 2016, Pages 1213–1220. Highlights: • We present the first genetic associations with how old people look (perceived age) • Variants in MC1R, a pigmentation gene, significantly associated with perceived age • The MC1R association was independent of wrinkling, skin color, and sun exposure […]

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Evaluation of Soft Tissue Profile Change Following Bi-maxillary Surgery in Dento-skeletal Class III by Photogrammetric Analysis. A Torroni, G Gasparini, A Moro, G Saponaro, E Foresta, P De Angelis, D Cervelli, C Azzuni, R Boniello, L Pallottini, A Borelli, G Jafari, S Pelo, R Deli, and G Longo.

Date: April 2016 Source: British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research 15(2): 1-11, Article no. BJMMR.25350. Abstract: 3D analysis allows for simulation of orthognathic surgery and prediction of aesthetic and functional outcomes. Our study aims to find common and repeatable parameters on the behaviour of soft tissues following bone movement by pre- and post-treatment by […]

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Facial morphology in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and moderate to severe temporomandibular joint involvement. YJ Hsieh, TA Darvann, NV Hermann, P Larsen, YF Liao, J Bjoern-Joergensen, S Kreiborg.

Date: February 2016 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 149, Issue 2, Pages 182–191. Highlights: • We evaluated lateral facial morphology of juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients with moderate and severe TMJ involvement. • Differences in their lateral facial morphologies between unilateral and bilateral TMJ involvement were also assessed. Introduction: The aims of […]

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A Pilot Study on the Influence of Facial Expression on Measurements in Three-Dimensional Digital Surfaces of the Face in Infants With Cleft Lip and Palate. NV Hermann, TA Darvann, P Larsen, P Lindholm, M Andersen, S Kreiborg.

Date: January 2016. Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. OBJECTIVE: Three-dimensional surface imaging is an increasingly popular modality for face measurements in infants with cleft lip and palate. Infants are noncompliant toward producing specific facial expressions, and selecting the appropriate moment of acquisition is challenging. The objective was to estimate amount and spatial distribution of deformation […]

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Methods for Extraction and Analysis of Shape and Asymmetry from Craniofacial 3D Images. TA Darvann.

Date: June 24, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Summary: Being able to compare images is one of the core technologies of medical image analysis. In order to quantify change, e.g. due to growth or surgery, it is necessary to compare two or more images. And as part of population studies it is […]

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3D digital surface imaging for quantification of facial development and asymmetry in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. NV Hermann, TA Darvann, P Larsen, S Kreiborg.

Date: June 2015. Source: Seminars in Orthodontics, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 121–124. Abstract: 3D digital surface imaging (digital stereophotogrammetry or “3D photography”) is becoming an increasingly popular tool for quantification of the face, in clinical contexts as well as for research. The modality is easy to apply and is free from motion artifacts and […]

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Surgical Planning: 2D to 3D. PK Patel, LP Zhao, JW Ferraro.

Date: October 2014 Source: Ferraro’s Fundamentals of Maxillofacial Surgery. Springer New York, pp 331-367. Abstract: Surgeons and orthodontists are faced with the practical problem of objectively assessing a patient’s dentofacial skeletal deformity. Maxillofacial surgical planning is a multilevel process. It involves incorporating the clinical assessment of the soft-tissue envelop, the underlying facial skeletal structures, and […]

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Three-Dimensional Soft Tissue Change of the Malar Region with High Le-Fort 1 Advancement: Implications for Aesthetic Malar Contouring. D Morris, B Rosett, L Zhao, and P Patel.

Date: April 2014. Source: The Aesthetic Meeting 2014, San Francisco, USA. Abstract: While orthognathic procedures are performed for a number of clinical scenarios, a fundamental goal is to reposition the facial skeletal components so as to improve both function as well as aesthetics. For patients with malar hypoplasia, modification of the traditional Le Fort 1 […]

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Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA. P Claes, DK Liberton, K Daniels, KM Rosana, EE Quillen, LN Pearson, B McEvoy, M Bauchet, AA Zaidi, W Yao, H Tang, GS Barsh, DM Absher, MD Shriver.

Date: March 2014 Source: PLOS Genetics. Abstract: Human facial diversity is substantial, complex, and largely scientifically unexplained. We used spatially dense quasi-landmarks to measure face shape in population samples with mixed West African and European ancestry from three locations (United States, Brazil, and Cape Verde). Using bootstrapped response-based imputation modeling (BRIM), we uncover the relationships […]

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Developing a 3D colour image reproduction system for additive manufacturing of facial prostheses. K Xiao, F Zardawi, R van Noort, JM Yates.

Date: February 2014. Source: International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. Volume 70, Issue 9-12, pp 2043–2049. Abstract:  In this study, a new 3D colour image reproduction system is proposed for the automated and accurate additive manufacturing of soft tissue facial prostheses. A framework of 3D colour image reproduction was defined and a protocol for each […]

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3-Dimensional Facial Simulation in Orthognathic Surgery: Is It Accurate? SA Schendel, R Jacobson, S Khalessi.

Date: Aug 2013. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 71(8):1406-14. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the accuracy of 3D computer simulation of soft tissue changes after orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent orthognathic surgery were studied by photogrammetric facial scanning and cone-beam computed tomography before and after […]

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Application of Virtual Surgical Planning with Computer Assisted Design and Manufacturing Technology to Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. L Zhao, PK Patel, M Cohen.

Date: July 2012. Source: Archives of Plastic Surgery; Volume 40, Issue 3. Abstract: Computer aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology today is the standard in manufacturing industry. The application of the CAD/CAM technology, together with the emerging 3D medical images based virtual surgical planning (VSP) technology, to craniomaxillofacial reconstruction has been gaining increasing attention to […]

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Image Fusion in Preoperative Planning. SA Schendel, KS Duncan, CR Lane.

Date: November 2011. Source: 3D Imaging Technologies for Facial Plastic Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America, Vol 19, Issue 4 , Pages 577-590. Abstract: This article presents a comprehensive overview of generating a digital Patient-Specific Anatomic Reconstruction (PSAR) model of the craniofacial complex as the foundation for a more objective surgical planning platform. […]

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Dysmorphometrics: the Modelling of Morphological Abnormalities. P Claes, K Daniels, M Walters, J Clement, D Vandermeulen and P Suetens.

Date: February 2012. Source: Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling, Volume 9:5, Feb 2012. Background: The study of typical morphological variations using quantitative, morphometric descriptors has always interested biologists in general. However, unusual examples of form, such as abnormalities are often encountered in biomedical sciences. Despite the long history of morphometrics, the means to identify and […]

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BBC News: London’s Science Museum to scan visitors’ faces in 3D

Date: 17 January 2012. Source: BBC News: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-16549098 Article: Visitors to London’s Science Museum are being invited to have their faces scanned in 3D. The Me in 3D stand at the museum uses a series of cameras to build a virtual image visitors can then view and manipulate. Data from participants will be used by […]

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BBC News: 3D face scan to help future surgery.

Date: 17 January 2012. Source: BBC News: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-16588956 Article: 3D face scan to help future surgery. Visitors to London’s Science Museum are being invited to have their faces scanned in 3D. The ‘Me in 3D’ exhibit uses an array of cameras to build a virtual image visitors can then view and manipulate. Data from the […]

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See yourself in 3D at the London Science Museum

LONDON (3 January 2012) – How are our faces constructed? How does your face differ from other faces? What do you look like in another dimension? These questions will be explored in Me in 3D – a new event running from 11 January until 10 April, where visitors can volunteer to have their photograph taken […]

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Maxillary, mandibular, and chin advancement: treatment planning based on airway anatomy in obstructive sleep apnea. SA Schendel, N Powell, R Jacobson.

Date: March 2011 Source: Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 69(3): 663-76. Abstract: Surgical correction of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome involves understanding a number of parameters, of which the 3-dimensional airway anatomy is important. Visualization of the upper airway based on cone beam computed tomography scans and automated computer analysis is an aid in understanding […]

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