The impact of aging on the three-dimensional aspect of the hand: a pilot study. IA Hoevenaren, TS Wesselius, JW Meulstee, RD Vreeken, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.
Date: January 2017 (ONLINE) Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. Background: With rejuvenation treatments of the skin gaining more and more popularity, the inquiry for rejuvenation of the hand grows. Until now, no imaging tool exists to analyze the aging process of the hand. Three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a reliable technique which is […]Read More
Orofacial rehabilitation with zygomatic implants: CAD-CAM bar and magnets for patients with nasal cancer after rhinectomy and partial maxillectomy. E King, C Abbott, L Dovgalski, J Owens.
Date: November 2016. Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: Nasal carcinoma extending into the premaxilla requires radical surgical excision including rhinectomy and partial maxillectomy. Rehabilitation is complex and involves the use of removable prostheses. Three patients treated with zygomatic implants and custom-milled bars to retain an obturator and nasal prosthesis are presented. Article: Orofacial […]Read More
Three-dimensional evaluation of the alar cinch suture after Le Fort I osteotomy. B van Loon, L Verhamme, T Xi, MJJ de Koning, SJ Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: October 2016. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 45, Issue 10, Pages 1309–1314. Abstract: Orthognathic surgery has an influence on the overlying soft tissues of the translated bony maxillomandibular complex. Improvements in both function and facial appearance are the goals of surgery. However, unwanted changes to the soft tissues, especially in […]Read More
The course of positional cranial deformation from 3 to 12 months of age and associated risk factors: a follow-up with 3D imaging. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, V Harila, T Heikkinen, P Pirttiniemi, L Holmström, AM Valkama.
Date: Source: European Journal of Pediatrics, pp 1–11. doi:10.1007/s00431-016-2773-z Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly is reported in up to 46.6 % of healthy infants, with the highest point prevalence at around 3 months of age. Few prospective studies on the natural course of skull deformation have been conducted, and we know of no studies using 3D imaging […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Cleft Lip. Part 3: Quantifying Nasal Symmetry and Nasal Normalcy Before and After Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair. S Liang, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: October 2016 (Online). Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: The purpose of this project was to develop objective computer-based methods to measure nasal asymmetry and abnormality in children undergoing treatment of unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and to determine the correlation of these measures to clinical expectations. Participants: Thirty infants with UCL undergoing cleft lip […]Read More
Three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry as an accurate tool in analysis of lymphedema of the hand. IA Hoevenaren, AC Verhulst, M Hameeteman, RD Vreeken, TJJ Maal, DJO Ulrich.
Date: September 2016 (Online). Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. Background: Lymphedema of the upper extremity is a frequently seen manifestation after breast cancer surgery. Three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a reliable technique in clinical practice, for example in volume measurements. The purpose of this research was to investigate if 3D imaging could be […]Read More
Quantification of facial asymmetry: A comparative study of landmark-based and surface-based registrations. T Verhoeven, T Xic, R Schreurs, S Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: September 2016. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Volume 44, Issue 9, Pages 1131–1136. Objective: To compare the validity and reproducibility of four different methods for the quantification of soft tissue facial asymmetry. Methods: Twenty 3D-photographs were randomly selected from the healthy control database. To assess the validity of the one landmark-based and three surface-based […]Read More
Endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS): The craniofacial team Nijmegen experience. HHK Delye, S Arts, WA Borstlap, LM Blok, JJ Driessen, JW Meulstee, TJJ Maal, EJ van Lindert
Date: August 2016 Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Volume 44, Issue 8, Pages 1029–1036. Introduction: An evaluation of our first 111 consecutive cases of non-syndromic endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis surgery (EACS) followed by helmet therapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registration database was performed. Age, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, blood loss, transfusion […]Read More
Infantile hemangioma status by dynamic infrared thermography: A preliminary study. SA Burkes, M Patel, DM Adams, AM Hammill, KP Eaton, RR Wickett, MO Visscher.
Date: April 2016. Source: International Journal of Dermatology. Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are initially warm due to increased proliferation and perfusion then involute with apoptosis and reduced perfusion. Objective quantitative evaluation of IH treatment response is essential for improving outcomes. We applied a functional imaging method, dynamic infrared (IR) thermography, to investigate IH status versus […]Read More
Measuring Symmetry in Children With Unrepaired Cleft Lip: Defining a Standard for the Three-Dimensional Mid-facial Reference Plane. J Wu, C Heike, C Birgfeld, K Evans, M Maga, C Morrison, B Saltzman, L Shapiro, R Tse.
Date: March 2016 (Online ahead of print) Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal. Objective: Quantitative measures of facial form to evaluate treatment outcomes for cleft lip (CL) are currently limited. Computer-based analysis of three-dimensional (3D) images provides an opportunity for efficient and objective analysis. The purpose of this study was to define a computer-based standard of […]Read More
Does powdering of the dentition increase the accuracy of fusing 3D stereophotographs and digital dental casts. FA Rangel, YT Chiu, TJJ Maal, EM Bronkhorst, SJ Bergé, AM Kuijpers-Jagtman.
Date: January 2016 (Online) Source: The European Journal of Orthodontics. Objective: The shiny vestibular surfaces of teeth make it difficult to match digital dental casts to 3D stereophotogrammetric images of patient teeth. This study tested whether reducing this shininess by coating the teeth with titanium-oxide powder might improve the accuracy of the matching procedure. Methods: […]Read More
Delayed intracranial hypertension after surgery for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. S Lam, KM Wagner, E Middlebrook, TG. Luerssen.
Date: December 2015 Source: Surgical Neurology International. 2015; 6: 187. Case Example: A 2-month-old boy presented with an elongated (anterior-posterior) head shape, prominent wide forehead, and bitemporal narrowing. There was a visible and palpable bony keel along the sagittal suture that was present since birth. He was the first child in the family, born at […]Read More
Multidimensional esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis: A 5-year retrospective study. Yu D, Xing G, Nie P, Zhang X, Steve Shen G.
Date: November 2015 Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. [Epub ahead of print] Statement of Issue: No published quantitative or qualitative studies are available of the 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D esthetic evaluation of patients with a cleft lip and palate (CLP) wearing a maxillary partial removable dental prosthesis (MPRDP). Purpose The purpose of this retrospective clinical […]Read More
Application of Computer-Assisted Design and Manufacture in Unilateral Alloplastic Microtia Reconstruction, H Chen, ZC Chen.
Date: September 17, 2015. Source: 16th Congress of International Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS) 2015. Presenter: Hsin-Yu Chen. Background: The advances in 3D scanning, computer-assisted design and manufacture (CAD/CAM), and rapid-prototyping technology make customizing a symmetric auricular framework feasible for unilateral microtia patients. In this study, we used an active stereo-photogrammetry system to acquire the […]Read More
Precision of 3dMD in Anthropometry of the Auricle and its Application in Microtia Reconstruction, SH Mao, ZC Chen.
Date: September 17, 2015. Source: 16th Congress of International Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS) 2015. Presenter: Shih-Hsuan Mao. Method: A total of 20 normal adult ears were included in this study. Thirteen anthropometric measurements were taken, twice by two plastic surgeons using Direct Measurement (DM) and through images captured via 3dMD. The purpose was to […]Read More
A Morphable Profile Model of the Human Head as an Outcome Tool for Craniosynostosis Surgery, C Duncan, R Armstrong, NE Pears.
Date: September 15, 2015. Source: 16th Congress of International Society of Craniofacial Surgery (ISCFS) 2015. Presenter: C Duncan. Introduction: Outcome analysis in craniosynostosis surgery is difficult and often relies on limited anthropometric measurement, qualitative analysis of photography or patient reported outcome. Quantifiable morphable models of the human face have been described but, to date, a […]Read More
Preventing deformational plagiocephaly through parent guidance: a randomized, controlled trial. H Aarnivala, V Vuollo, V Harila, T Heikkinen, P Pirttiniemi, AM Valkama.
Date: September 2015. Source: European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(9):1197-208. Abstract: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) occurs frequently in otherwise healthy infants. Many infants with DP undergo physiotherapy or helmet therapy, and ample treatment-related research is available. However, the possibility of preventing DP has been left with little attention. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention in the […]Read More
Craniofacial Image Analysis. E Mercan, I Atmosukarto, J Wu, S Liang, LG Shapiro.
Date: July 2015. Source: Health Monitoring and Personalized Feedback using Multimedia Data. Springer. Abstract: Craniofacial researchers have used anthropometric measurements taken directly on the human face for research and medical practice for decades. With the advancements in 3D imaging technologies, computational methods have been developed for the diagnoses of craniofacial syndromes and the analysis of […]Read More
Development and Validation of a Clinical Assessment Tool for Platysmal Banding in Cervicomental Aesthetics of the Female Neck. S Gupta, N Biskup, G Mattison, A Leis.
Date: July 2015 Source: Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp NP141-NP146. Background: In facial aesthetics, grading systems are useful tools for planning aesthetic procedures. One key component of rejuvenation—the anterior neck—has been relatively overlooked. In the 1980s, criteria were established for the appearance of a youthful neck. Considering the significant contribution of the […]Read More
Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair Using the Anatomical Subunit Approximation: Modifications and Analysis of Early Results in 100 Consecutive Cases. R Tse, S Lien.
Date: July 2015. Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 136(1):119-30. Abstract: The “Anatomic Subunit Approximation” for unilateral cleft lip repair has gained acceptance, however, outcomes have not been reported since the original description. The purpose of this study is to report the experience using this technique. Methods: One hundred two consecutive patients underwent primary cleft lip […]Read More
Evaluation of the Accuracy of a 3D Imaging System in Craniofacial Patients. J Wittig.
Date: June 25, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Summary: 3D imaging is an established tool for facial measurement and documentation of craniofacial patients. To date, little data exists about the accuracy of measurements of the whole head in 3D photography, particularly where the presence of hair may impair measurements. 21 patients who […]Read More
The Use of 3D Imaging in Craniosynostosis; Surgical Planning; and Follow-Up. T Maal.
Date: June 24, 2015. Source: European Craniofacial Congress 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden. Presentation: The Use of 3D Imaging in Craniosynostosis; Surgical Planning; and Follow-Up. Presenter: Thomas J Maal, 3D Lab, Department of Oral- and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands.Read More
Cephalometric analysis and long-term outcomes of orthognathic surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. ED Ubaldo, GM Greenlee, J Moore, E Sommers, and AM Bollen.
Date: June 2015. Source: The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(6):752-9. Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe skeletal and posterior airway changes after orthodontic treatment and surgical jaw advancement, and to evaluate whether there is a correlation between increasing advancement and a long-term reduction in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Lateral […]Read More
Precision of three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry (3dMD) in anthropometry of the auricle and its application in microtia reconstruction. ZC Chen, MN Albdour, JA Lizardo, YA Chen, KT Chen.
Date: May 2015. Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, Volume 68, Issue 5, Pages 622–631. Background: The advent of three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry in recent years has vastly helped the craniomaxillofacial field improve in terms of preoperative and intraoperative decision making. With regard to the auricle though, there is paucity of research as to the […]Read More
Digital capture, design, and manufacturing of an extraoral device for a clarinet player with Bell’s palsy. C Aita-Holmes; P Liacouras; WO Wilson; GT Grant
Date: May 2015 (online). Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: An extraoral device was fabricated to assist a clarinet player with Bell’s palsy. The device was fabricated by using stereophotogrammetry, digital design, and additive manufacturing technologies. Article: Digital capture, design, and manufacturing of an extraoral device for a clarinet player with Bell’s palsy. Authors: […]Read More
Personalized 3D-Printed CPAP Masks Improve CPAP Effectiveness in Children with OSA and Craniofacial Anomalies. RJ Morrison, KK VanKoevering, HB Nasser, KN Kashlan, SK Kline, DR Jensen, SP Edwards, F Hassan, HM Schotland, RD Chervin, SR Buchman, SJ Hollister, SL Garetz, GE Green.
Date: April 2015. Source: COSM, Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings, on April 22-26, 2015 in Boston, MA USA. Abstract: The high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with craniofacial anomalies has been well-described. Failure of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy may require potentially morbid surgery. Yet, achieving a functional mask-face interface using conventional […]Read More
Posterior cranial vault distraction in the management of syndromic multi-suture craniosynostosis: Outcomes and 3D photographic/CT-based morphometric analysis. CR Forrest, BM French, A Clausen.
Date: April 11-14, 2015. Source: AAPS 94th Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, AZ, USA. PURPOSE: Posterior cranial vault distraction has recently been popularized as a first intervention technique in the management of syndromic and multi-suture craniosynostosis. The purpose of this study was to present our experience with posterior cranial vault distraction in the management of these complex […]Read More
Digital capture, design, and manufacturing of a facial prosthesis: Clinical report on a pediatric patient. GT Grant, C Aita-Holmes, P Liacouras; J Garnes; WO Wilson.
Date: April 2015 (online). Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Abstract: A digitally captured, designed, and fabricated facial prosthesis is presented as an alternative to customary maxillofacial prosthodontics fabrication techniques, where a facial moulage and patient cooperation may be difficult. Article: Digital capture, design, and manufacturing of a facial prosthesis: Clinical report on a pediatric […]Read More
Regional facial asymmetries in unilateral orofacial clefts. MA Kuijpers, DJ Desmedt, RM Nada, SJ Bergé, PS Fudalej, TJJ Maal.
Date: February 2015. Source: The European Journal of Orthodontics. Objectives: Assess facial asymmetry in subjects with unilateral cleft lip (UCL), unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (UCLA), and unilateral cleft lip, alveolus, and palate (UCLP), and to evaluate which area of the face is most asymmetrical. Methods: Standardized three-dimensional facial images of 58 patients (9 UCL, […]Read More
Three-dimensional changes in nose and upper lip volume after orthognathic surgery. B van Loon, N van Heerbeek, F Bierenbroodspot, L Verhamme, T Xi, MJJ de Koning, KJAO Ingels, SJ Bergé, TJJ Maal.
Date: January 2015 Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(1):83-9. Abstract: Orthognathic surgery aims to improve both the function and facial appearance of the patient. Translation of the maxillomandibular complex for correction of malocclusion is always followed by changes to the covering soft tissues, especially the nose and lips. The purpose of this study […]Read More
A New Objective Automatic Computational Framework for Evaluating and Visualizing the Results of Infant Cranial Surgery. B Yuan, D Khechoyan, R Goldman.
Date: December 14-16, 2014. Source: 2014 ASE BigData/SocialInformatics/PASSAT/BioMedCom 2014 Conference, Harvard University. Abstract: We describe a novel automatic computational framework for evaluating and visualizing the results of infant cranial surgeries. We begin by capturing a 3D triangle mesh of the subject’s head using a 3dMD camera. Our framework includes a mesh decimation algorithm to simplify […]Read More
Nasal changes after orthognathic surgery for patients with prognathism and Class III malocclusion: Analysis using three-dimensional photogrammetry. S Worasakwutiphong; YF Chuang; HW Chang; HH Lin; PJ Lin; LJ Lo.
Date: December 2014. Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. Background/Purpose. Orthognathic surgery alters the position of maxilla and mandible, and consequently changes the nasal shape. The nasal change remains a concern to Asian patients. The aim of this study was to measure the nasal changes using a novel three-dimensional photographic imaging method. Methods. A […]Read More
Digital capture, design & manufacturing of an extra-oral device for a clarinet player suffering from Bell’s palsy. C Aita-Holmes, GT Grant, P Liacouras, WO Wilson Jr.
Date: November 2014. Source: 61st Meeting of the American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics in New Orleans, USA. Poster Presentation: Digital capture, design & manufacturing of an extra-oral device for a clarinet player suffering from Bell’s palsy. Authors: Cynthia Aita-Holmes, DMD; Gerald T. Grant, DMD, MS; Peter Liacouras, PhD; William O. Wilson, Jr., DDS, MSRead More
Analysis of Digital Measures of Cranial Vault Asymmetry for Assessment of Plagiocephaly. G Skolnick, S Naidoo, K Patel, A Woo.
Date: July 2014. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 25(4):1178-82. Background: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is an asymmetry of the skull caused by extrinsic compression. With the advent of the Back to Sleep campaign, DP is of increased interest to parents and healthcare providers. Traditionally, this asymmetry has been assessed by caliper measurements. However, little consensus exists […]Read More
Positional Plagiocephaly: Experience with a Passive Orthotic Mattress. P Sillifant, P Vaiude, S Bruce, D Quirk, A Sinha, S Burn, D Richardson, C Duncan.
Date: July 2014. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 25(4):1365-8. Abstract: Positional plagiocephaly (deformational or occipital plagiocephaly) is the most common head-shape deformity, which is presented to specialist craniofacial units. The aim of management is to reduce pressure on the affected area in the expectation that brain growth will drive normalization of the head shape. Current […]Read More
Reliability of Nasolabial Anthropometric Measures Using Three-Dimensional Stereophotogrammetry in Infants with Unrepaired Unilateral Cleft Lip. R Tse, L Booth, K Keys, B Saltzman, E Stuhaug, H Kapadia, C Heike.
Date: April 2014 Source: Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgery, Volume 133, Issue 4, p 530e–542e. Background: Surgical and orthodontic treatment of unilateral cleft lip +/– palate can produce dramatic changes in nasolabial form; however, the lack of ideal methods with which to objectively document three-dimensional form limits the […]Read More
Three-Dimensional Stereophotogrammetry: A Novel Method in Volumetric Measurement of Infantile Hemangioma. DJJ Hermans, TJJ Maal, SJ Bergé, CJM Vleuten.
Date: January 2014. Source: Pediatric Dermatology. Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 118-122. Abstract: Accurate and objective measurement of volume changes in infantile hemangiomas (IHs) is essential in routine clinical practice and clinical studies, particularly in the changing therapeutic landscape after the discovery of propranolol. Several bedside techniques for volume measurement have been described in the […]Read More
BBC: Defining the most ‘normal’ shape of a human skull.
Date: 22 November 2013 Source: BBC News Article: Defining the most ‘normal’ shape of a human skull Reconstructive surgery for people born with a misshapen skull is one of medicine’s most complicated challenges. Part of the problem for surgeons is defining what a normal head actually looks like. A team of Liverpool-based surgeons, and artists, […]Read More
Be Part of the Alder Hey Children’s Hospital Headspace Project and Change Lives!
Liverpool, United Kingdom (24-September-13): Alder Hey Children’s Hospital and FACT are looking for volunteers to take part in a groundbreaking project which will impact on the future development of craniofacial surgery. The Headspace project, created by Alder Hey in conjunction with FACT and associated artists will develop a comprehensive database of human head shapes using […]Read More
Unilateral Condylar Hyperplasia: A 3-Dimensional Quantification of Asymmetry. TJ Verhoeven, JW Nolte, TJJ Maal, SJ Bergé, AG Becking.
Date: March 2013. Source: PLoS ONE.org. Purpose: Objective quantifications of facial asymmetry in patients with Unilateral Condylar Hyperplasia (UCH) have not yet been described in literature. The aim of this study was to objectively quantify soft-tissue asymmetry in patients with UCH and to compare the findings with a control group using a new method. Material […]Read More
Soft-Tissue Volumetric Changes Following Monobloc Distraction Procedure: Analysis Using Digital Three-Dimensional Photogrammetry System (3dMD). FC Chan, HK Kawamoto, C Federico, JP Bradley.
Date: March 2013. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 416-420. Abstract: We have previously reported that monobloc advancement by distraction osteogenesis resulted in decreased morbidity and greater advancement with less relapse compared with acute monobloc advancement with bone grafting. In this study, we examine the three-dimensional (3D) volumetric soft-tissue changes in […]Read More
Three-Dimensional Analysis of Facial Asymmetry of Healthy Hispanic Caucasian Children. J Lee, B Ku, AC Da Silveira, MK Markey.
Date: October 16-17, 2012 Source: 3rd International Conference on 3D Body Scanning Technologies 2012, Lugano, Switzerland Abstract: The objective of this study was to conduct a quantitative analysis of facial asymmetry of healthy Hispanic Caucasian children residing in Central Texas, USA. 3D facial surface images of healthy Hispanic Caucasian participants (41 boys, 39 girls) currently […]Read More
Computation of an average cranial shape of three to twelve months old infants using 3D stereophotogrammetry. T Maal, L Verhamme, E van Lindert, W Borstlap, S Berge.
Date: June 28, 2012. Source: 26th International Congress of Computer Assisted Radiology 2012 (CARS) in Pisa, Italy. Purpose: The goal of this study was to create an average cranial shape using an automated process for a control population. This model includes the variation of growth and allows for an easy comparison between patient and average […]Read More
3D Breakthrough: Picture Perfect Surgery – Royal Children’s Hospital Featured in the Herald Sun
Date: October 21, 2004 Source: Feature in the Herald Sun, Australia Article: 3D Breakthrough: Picture Perfect Surgery Evie Rosa, 5, is a different girl after an operation six weeks ago to enlarge her skull. Five-year-old Evie suffered scaphocephaly, a condition where the head is disproportionately long and narrow after the premature fusion of bones in […]Read More
One year postoperative hard and soft tissue volumetric changes after a BSSO mandibular advancement. TJJ Maal, MJJ de Koning, JM Plooij, LM Verhamme, FA Rangel, SJ Bergé, WA Borstlap.
Date: May 2012 Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Volume 41(9), pp 1137-45. Abstract: In this study, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and three dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry are used to compare the 3D skeletal and soft tissue changes caused by a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) 1 year after a mandibular advancement. Eighteen […]Read More
Shape-Based Classification of 3D Facial Data to Support 22q11.2DS Craniofacial Research. K Wilamowska, J Wu, C Heike and L Shapiro
Date: March 2012 Source: Journal of Digital Imaging, Volume 25, Number 3 (2012), 400-408. Abstract: 3D imaging systems are used to construct high-resolution meshes of patient’s heads that can be analyzed by computer algorithms. Our work starts with such 3D head meshes and produces both global and local descriptors of 3D shape. Since these descriptors […]Read More
Variation of the Face in Rest Using 3D Stereophotogrammetry. TJJ Maal, LM Verhamme, B van Loon, JM Plooij, A Kho, FA Rangel, W Borstlap, SJ Bergé
Date: November 2011. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 40, Issue 11, Pages 1252-1257. Abstract: To evaluate treatment outcomes following oral and maxillofacial surgery, pre- and post-treatment three-dimensional (3D) photographs of the patient’s face can assessed, but this procedure is accurate only if the face is captured with the same facial expression […]Read More
Facial phenotypes in subgroups of prepubertal boys with autism spectrum disorders are correlated with clinical phenotypes. K Aldridge, ID George, KK Cole, JR Austin, TN Takahashi, Y Duan, and JH Miles.
Date: October 2011. Source: Molecular Autism Journal, 2:15. Background: The brain develops in concert and in coordination with the developing facial tissues, with each influencing the development of the other and sharing genetic signaling pathways. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) result from alterations in the embryological brain, suggesting that the development of the faces of children […]Read More