Challenges with Life Surface Imaging. L Zou, R Richard, J Blythe, N Donos.

Date: October 2018. Source: 9th 3DBODY.TECH Conference and Expo. October 16-17, 2018. Lugano, Switzerland, USA. Presenter: Lifong ZOU Session: Technical Session 3: 3D Face & Body Scanning in Medicine Abstract: Stereo photogrammetry has a clear role in clinical research, treatment planning and effectiveness assessment within the domain of medicine and dentistry. Recently more computational automatic […]

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Both the Observer’s Expertise and the Subject’s Facial Symmetry Can Affect Anatomical Position of the Head. PH Sutton, J Gateno, JD English, J Paranilam, JF Teichgraeber, JJ Xia.

Date: October 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: It is easier for us to judge facial deformity when the patient’s head is in anatomic position. The purposes of this study were to determine: 1) if a group of expert observers agree more than a group of non-experts on what is the correct […]

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Esthetic evaluation of facial cheek volume: A study using 3D stereophotogrammetry, J Feng, HY Yu, YJ Yin, YQ Yan, Z Wang, D Bai, XL Han.

Date: October 2018. Source: The Angle Orthodontist. Objective: To investigate the influence of cheek volume on facial esthetics judged by orthodontists and non-specialists. Materials and Methods: A 25-year-old female’s natural and smiling face was captured by 3D stereophotogrammetry. Cheek volume of the 3dMD image was altered to different degrees three-dimensionally. For the natural and smiling […]

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Reconstruction of the oral commissure in patients with unilateral transverse facial cleft. M Tuersunjiang, X Long, Y Fu, J Ke, H He, J Li.

Date: September 2018. Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 56, Issue 7, pp 621-625. Abstract: The normal commissure is not a simple joint of the upper and lower lip, but a triangular mucosal area. To reconstruct a symmetrical oral commissure in patients with a unilateral transverse facial cleft, we designed composite vermilion […]

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Development of three-dimensional facial expression models using morphing methods for fabricating facial prostheses. A Matsuoka, F Yoshioka, S Ozawa, J Takebe.

Date: September 2018. Source: Journal of Prosthodontic Research. Purpose: It is essential to fabricate a best-fit three-dimensional (3D) facial prosthesis model capable of facial expressions. In order for the facial prosthesis to remain in position, especially around marginal areas subject to movement, a new method of making 3D facial expression models using time-series data allowing […]

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A Comparison Between Representative 3D Faces Based on Bi- and Multi-variate and Shape Based Analysis. L Goto, T Huysmans, W Lee, JFM Molenbroek, RHM Goossens.

Date: August 2018. Source: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018, Florence, Italy). Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 824. Springer. Abstract: In Ergonomic product design, designers need to translate anthropometric data of the target population into product dimensions or sizing systems. Currently, sizing systems are often based on […]

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Three‑Dimensional Evaluation of the Effect of Low‑Level Laser Therapy on Facial Swelling after Lower Third Molar Surgery: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study. F Asutay, A Ozcan-Kucuk, H Alan, M Koparal.

Date: August 2018. Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. Purpose: : This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a low‑level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, trismus, and swelling of patients whose impacted 3rd molar tooth was extracted compared to placebo or “sham” treatment and measure volumetrically the edema with a three‑dimensional (3D) surface imaging […]

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Thesis. Craniofacial morphology and the use of neonatal non-invasive ventilation therapy. Don He.

Date: August 2018. Source: Thesis. University of British Columbia Library. Craniofacial Science, Dentistry, Faculty of University of British Columbia. Objective: A prospective cohort study with the overall objective to characterize the three-dimensional facial morphology of preterm infants over the course of the first 18 months of corrected age, participating in the Neonatal Follow-up Program of […]

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Hemimandibular Hyperplasia Correction by Simultaneous Orthognathic Surgery and Condylectomy Under Digital Guidance. Bi Han, X Wang, Z Li et al.

Date: July 2018. Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 76, Issue 7, pp 1563.e1-1563.e18. Objective: Orthognathic surgery with simultaneous condylectomy under digital guidance has been proved to be a feasible method to treat hemimandibular hyperplasia (HH). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects and precision of correction of HH by […]

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Influence of involuntary facial expressions on reproducibility of 3D stereophotogrammetry in children with and without complete unilateral cleft lip and palate from 3 to 18 months of age. Brons, S; Darroudi, A; Nada, R et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Clinical Oral Investigations. Objective: To assess the influence of involuntary facial expressions on 3D facial stereophotogrammetry reproducibility in children with and without unilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate (UCLP) aged 3–18 months. Methods: Three to eight 3D facial images per time point were acquired within 10 min of 31 children with […]

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Three‐dimensional facial phenotyping in obstructive sleep apnoea. RWW Lee.

Date: June 2018 Source: Respirology, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 560-561. Abstract: Craniofacial structure is an important anatomical determinant of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). While obesity is the major attributing risk factor for OSA, it is well established that a restricted craniofacial bony skeleton also contributes to a more collapsible upper airway, which is a […]

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Assessment of regional asymmetry of the face before and after surgical correction of unilateral cleft lip. D Al-Rudainy, FV Mehendale et al.

Date: June 2018. Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 974-978. Abstract: This study was carried out on 26 unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) cases with mean age 3.6 ± 0.7 months. 3D facial images were captured for each infant 2–3 days before the repair of cleft lip and at 4 […]

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Evaluation of facial asymmetry in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Correlation between hard tissue and soft tissue landmarks. S Economou, P Stoustrup, KD Kristensen, M Dalstra, A Küseler, T Herlin, TK Pedersen.

Date: May 2018. Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 153, Issue 5, Pages 662–672. Hightlights: • Soft-tissue and hard-tissue asymmetries in JIA patients are correlated. • In JIA patients, asymmetries are most pronounced in the lower facial third. • Glabella had the least deviation. • Pogonion presented the largest level of deviation. […]

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Test-retest reliability of smile tasks using three-dimensional facial topography. C Tanikawa, K Takada.

Date: May 2018. Source: Angle Orthodontist, Vol 88, No 3, pp 319–328. Objective: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of three types of facial expression tasks using three-dimensional (3D) facial topography. Methods: Twelve adult volunteers were enrolled in this study. They were instructed to perform three different facial expression tasks: rest posture, posed smile, and maximum […]

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Comparison of an unsupervised machine learning algorithm and surgeon diagnosis in the clinical differentiation of metopic craniosynostosis and benign metopic ridge. MJ Cho, RR Hallac, M Effendi, JR Seaward, AA Kane.

Date: April 2018. Source: Scientific Reports, Volume 8, Article number: 6312. Abstract: Metopic suture closure can manifest as a benign metopic ridge (BMR), a variant of normal, to “true” metopic craniosynostosis (MCS), which is associated with severe trigonocephaly. Currently, there is no gold standard for how much associated orbitofrontal dysmorphology should trigger surgical intervention. In […]

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Genetics of the human face: Identification of large-effect single gene variants. DJM Crouch, B Winney, WP Koppen, WJ Christmas, K Hutnik, T Day, D Meena, A Boumertit, P Hysi, A Nessa, TD Spector, J Kittler, WF Bodmer.

Date: January 2018. Source: People of the British Isles, Newsletter Issue 7. Abstract: We have been studying the genetics underlying human facial features since the renewal of our PoBI grant from the Wellcome Trust in 2009. We have been doing this by going back to as many of the original volunteers as we could to […]

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A three-dimensional method for evaluating changes in lip morphology following correction of functional anterior crossbite. C Jogaki, W Tome, F Kuroyanagi, N Kitai.

Date: December 2017. Source: Orthodontic Waves, Volume 76, Issue 4, Pages 226-231. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to present a three-dimensional method for evaluating changes in lip morphology and to apply the method to the therapy evaluation following the correction of functional anterior crossbite. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five Japanese patients (age: 6 […]

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Depth accuracy of the RealSense F200: Low-cost 4D facial imaging. TC ten Harkel, CM Speksnijder, F van der Heijden, CHG Beurskens, KJAO Ingels, TJJ Maal.

Date: November 2017 Source: nature.com / Scientific Reports Abstract: The RealSense F200 represents a new generation of economically viable 4-dimensional imaging (4D) systems for home use. However, its 3D geometric (depth) accuracy has not been clinically tested. Therefore, this study determined the depth accuracy of the RealSense, in a cohort of patients with a unilateral […]

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Genetics of the human face: Identification of large-effect single gene variants. DJM Crouch, B Winney, WP Koppen, WJ Christmas, K Hutnik, T Day, D Meena, A Boumertit, P Hysi, A Nessa, TD Spector, J Kittler, WF Bodmer.

Date: October 2017 Source: PNAS | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1708207114. Significance: The human face is extraordinarily variable, and the extreme similarity of the faces of identical twins indicates that most of this variability is genetically determined. We have devised an approach to increase the […]

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An eFTD-VP framework for efficiently generating patient-specific anatomically detailed facial soft tissue FE mesh for craniomaxillofacial surgery simulation. X Zhang, D Kim, S Shen, et al.

Date: October 2017. Source: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, pp 1–16, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10237-017-0967-6. Abstract: Accurate surgical planning and prediction of craniomaxillofacial surgery outcome requires simulation of soft tissue changes following osteotomy. This can only be achieved by using an anatomically detailed facial soft tissue model. The current state-of-the-art of model generation is not appropriate to clinical […]

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Analysis Methods of the Variation of Facial Size and Shape Based on 3d Face Scan Images. W. Lee, L Goto, J.F.M. Molenbroek, R.H.M. Goossens.

Date: October 2017. Source: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. Volume: 61 issue: 1, page(s): 1409-1413. Abstract: 3D scan images have been successfully applied in ergonomic product design. Features of human body parts (e.g., landmarks, measurements, curvatures, surfaces, volumes) extracted from 3D body scan images can be used to analyze variations […]

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A clinical technique for virtual articulator mounting with natural head position by using calibrated stereophotogrammetry. WYH Lam, RTC Hsung, WWS Choi, et al.

Date: September 2017. Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry (Online). Abstract: Accurate articulator-mounted casts are essential for occlusion analysis and for fabrication of dental prostheses. Although the axis orbital plane has been commonly used as the reference horizontal plane, some clinicians prefer to register the horizontal plane with a spirit level when the patient is […]

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Long-term Outcomes of Subtotal Septal Reconstruction in Rhinoplasty. SA Asher, AS Kakodkar, DM Toriumi.

Date: September 2017 Source: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. Importance: Significant nasal septal deviation may require complex reconstruction to achieve complete correction. Subtotal septal reconstruction is a method for addressing deviations in the L-strut. Objective: To review the long-term outcomes of subtotal septal reconstruction and provide objective evidence of functional and aesthetic improvement. Design, Setting, and […]

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Evaluation of Head Position in Static and Dynamic Three-Dimensional Imaging: a review of the Literature. M Kjærgaard Larsen, TH Thygesen.

Date: August 2017. Source: International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science, 3(2), pp 34-38. Background: : The interest in three-dimensional imaging in orthognathic treatment planning has been growing, especially for evaluation of the natural head position. Several three-dimensional devices are available on the market. Three-dimensional evaluation of the patient will probably soon be a standard […]

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Validation of a new three-dimensional imaging system using comparative craniofacial anthropometry. FB Naini, S Akram, J Kepinska, U Garagiola, F McDonald, D Wertheim.

Date: August 2017. Source: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (2017) 39: 23. Background: The aim of this study is to validate a new three-dimensional craniofacial stereophotogrammetry imaging system (3dMDface) through comparison with manual facial surface anthropometry. The null hypothesis was that there is no difference between craniofacial measurements using anthropometry vs. the 3dMDface system. Methods: […]

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Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients: Do the assessment methods measure the same outcome? DGM Mosmuller, TJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.

Date: August 2017. Source: J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 45(8):1220-1226. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.04.004. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an […]

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Hypermasculinised facial morphology in boys and girls with Autism Spectrum Disorder and its association with symptomatology. DW Tan, SZ Gilani, MT Maybery, A Mian, A Hunt, M Walters, AJO Whitehouse.

Date: August 2017 Source: nature.com SCiENtifiC REporTS | 7: 9348 Abstract: Elevated prenatal testosterone exposure has been associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and facial masculinity. By employing three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetry, the current study investigated whether prepubescent boys and girls with ASD present increased facial masculinity compared to typically-developing controls. There were two phases to […]

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Auricular Composite Grafting in Functional Rhinoplasty. N Rao and DM Toriumi.

Date: August 2017. Source: Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(04): 405-410. Abstract: Surgical correction of defects of the internal nasal valve, ala, vestibule, and sill is widely regarded as a challenge due to concerns of poor outcomes of facial aesthetics and nasal function. Auricular composite grafting is a reliable method of reconstruction of deformities of the […]

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A Phenotypically Driven Segmentation for 3-D Facial Morphology: Modularity of 3-D Faces Through Spectral Clustering. D SERO, D VANDERMEULEN, P CLAES.

Date: June 2017 Source: Biological Shape Analysis: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium (ISBSA), pp 249-258. School of Dentistry, UCLA, USA, 19–22 June 2015. Abstract: Facial morphology is the result of mazy interactions between environmental and epigenetic factors that lead to the composition of multiple subunits integrated to function as a whole. In this work, we […]

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THREE-DIMENSIONAL EVALUATION OF CLASS III TREATMENT OF A 6 YEAR OLD BOY WITH THE FRÄNKEL FUNCTION REGULATOR III MODIFIED APPLIANCE. BK Đokić, A Zhurov, S Richmond, M Ovsenik.

Date: June 2017. Source: 93rd Congress of the European Orthodontic Society 2017. Montreux, Switzerland. Aim: To objectively demonstrate the changes of soft tissues after use of a Fränkel functional regulator III (FFR III) modified appliance (Farčnik, 2008) of a skeletal Class III malocclusion Subject and Methods: Clinical examination of the 6 year old boy revealed […]

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Association Between Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Craniofacial Shape of Children at 12 Months of Age. E Muggli, H Matthews, A Penington, et al.

Date: June 2017 (Online). Source: JAMA Pediatrics, doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0778. Question: Is there an association between different levels of prenatal alcohol exposure and child craniofacial shape at 12 months? Findings: This cohort study conducted an objective and sensitive craniofacial phenotype analysis of 415 children, which showed an association between prenatal alcohol exposure and craniofacial shape at almost […]

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Quantitative Anthropometric Measures of Facial Appearance of Healthy Hispanic/Latino White Children: Establishing Reference Data for Care of Cleft Lip With or Without Cleft Palate. J Lee, B Ku, PD Combs et al.

Date: June 2017. Source: 3D Research (2017) 8:19. doi:10.1007/s13319-017-0128-9. Abstract: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL ± P) is one of the most common congenital facial deformities worldwide. To minimize negative social consequences of CL ± P, reconstructive surgery is conducted to modify the face to a more normal appearance. Each race/ethnic group […]

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The Effects of Objective 3D Measures of Facial Shape and Symmetry on Perceptions of Facial Attractiveness. CD Hatch, GL Wehby, NL Nidey, LM Moreno Uribe.

Date: May 2017 Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Purpose: Meeting patient desires for enhanced facial esthetics requires that providers have standardized and objective methods to measure esthetics. We evaluated the effects of objective 3-dimensional (3D) facial shape and asymmetry measurements derived from 3D facial images on perceptions of facial attractiveness. Patient and Methods: […]

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Genome-wide association study of facial morphology reveals novel associations with FREM1 and PARK2. MK Lee, JR Shaffer JR, EJ Leslie, E Orlova, JC Carlson, E Feingold, ML Marazita, SM Weinberg.

Date: April 2017. Source: PLoS One. 12(4): e0176566. Abstract: Several studies have now shown evidence of association between common genetic variants and quantitative facial traits in humans. The reported associations generally involve simple univariate measures and likely represent only a small fraction of the genetic loci influencing facial morphology. In this study, we applied factor […]

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Correlation between the incisors axis inclination and the exposure of the vermilion. E Candida, S Summa, I D’Apolito, C Strappa, R Deli.

Date: April 2017. Source: XXIV Congresso Nazionale Collegio dei Docenti Universitari di Discipline Odontostomatologiche, Milano, Italy. Objective: the enhancement of the lips through cosmetic techniques is a popular procedure. In literature there are not many studies which demonstrate all the aspects that influence this area which is so important for patients. Orthodontic biomechanics related to […]

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Comparison of two- and three-dimensional assessment methods of nasolabial appearance in cleft lip and palate patients. DGM Mosmuller, TJJ Maal, C Prahl, RA Tan, FJ Mulder, RMF Schwirtz, HCW de Vet, SJ Bergé, JPW Don Griot.

Date: April 2017 (ONLINE) Source: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. Objective: For the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in cleft patients, a widely accepted, reliable scoring system is not available. In this study four different methods of assessment are compared, including 2D and 3D asymmetry and aesthetic assessments. Methods: The data and ratings from an earlier […]

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Analysis of Digital Documentation. KH Breuning, CH Kau.

Date: March 2017. Source: Digital Planning and Custom Orthodontic Treatment, First Edition. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chapter 4: Analysis of Digital Documentation. Authors: K. Hero Breuning and Chung H. Kau.

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Minimal Invasive Rhinoplasty: Fat Injection for Nasal Dorsum Contouring. S Lin, YC Hsiao, JJ Huang, CS Chang, PKT Chen, JP Chen, LJ Lo, YR Chen.

Date: March 2017. Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery, Volume 78, Issue 3, p S117–S123. Purpose: To determine the graft retention rate of fat injection rhinoplasty in the nasal dorsum region using 3dMD System. Materials and Methods: Thirteen consecutive patients (12 women and 1 man) treated by the corresponding author (F.C.S.C.) between April of 2014 and […]

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The Effects of Transcutaneous and Intraoral Low-Level Laser Therapy After Extraction of Lower Third Molars: A Randomized Single Blind, Placebo Controlled Dual-Center Study. SA Kahraman, S Cetiner, RA Strauss.

Date: March 2017. Source: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. Objective and background: The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The purpose of this study is to determine whether either transcutaneous or intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces postoperative pain and assists in the […]

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A predictive model for obstructive sleep apnea and Down syndrome. BG Skotko et al.

Date: January 2017. Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs frequently in people with Down syndrome (DS) with reported prevalences ranging between 55% and 97%, compared to 1–4% in the neurotypical pediatric population. Sleep studies are often uncomfortable, costly, and poorly tolerated by individuals with DS. The objective of this […]

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Three-dimensional evaluation of social smile symmetry. GS Duran, F Dindaroğlu, S Görgülü.

Date: January 2017. Source: The Angle Orthodontist: Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 96-103. Objective: To evaluate the social smile symmetry using three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetric images. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted with 3D facial images of 30 individuals (age range 13–25 years). The rest position was considered as the reference image and the social […]

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Comprehensive treatment approach for condylar hyperplasia and mandibular crowding with custom lingual braces and 2-jaw surgery. PG Kyteas, WS McKenzie, PD Waite, CH Kau.

Date: January 2017 Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 151, Issue 1, PP 174–185. Highlights: • A woman had progressive condylar hyperplasia from age 3 years. • Three-dimensional diagnosis and treatment plan were conducted. • A self-ligating lingual brace system were used. • Three-dimensional surgery was performed and splints placed to correct […]

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DENTAL TECHNIQUE: A 2-part facebow for CAD-CAM dentistry. YH Lam, TC Hsung, WS Choi, WK Luk, HN Pow.

Date: December 2016. Source: THE JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 116(6):843-847. Abstract: Converting the patient’s clinical information into the virtual world is a prerequisite for the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) of dental restorations. This article describes a modified facebow which facilitates the radiation-free registration of the maxillary teeth to a 3-dimensional face image for […]

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A comparison of soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. E Bhaskar.

Date: December 2016. Source: Master of Science Thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine the soft tissue topographical norms for the local ethnic people of Zimbabwe and compare them with the African American norms based on 3dMD soft tissue photography. The rationale for the study is […]

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Three Basic Steps for Applying Digital Images to Oral and Facial Surgery. M ZAWARTKA, J WANG, B ZHENG

Date: December 2016. Source: The Chinese Journal of Dental Research, Volume 19, Number 4, pp185-189. Abstract: In this paper, the authors discuss three basic steps related to the application of digital technology to reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS), in an effort to improve surgical outcomes. These steps include acquiring digital images, processing images in […]

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The 3D Facial Norms Database: Part 1. A Web-Based Craniofacial Anthropometric and Image Repository for the Clinical and Research Community.

Date: November 2016. Source: Cleft Palate Craniofacial Journal, 53(6) pp. e185–e197. Background: Although craniofacial sex differences have been extensively studied in humans, relatively little is known about when various dimorphic features manifest during postnatal life. Using cross-sectional data derived from the 3D Facial Norms data repository, we tested for sexual dimorphism of craniofacial soft-tissue morphology […]

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A colour image reproduction framework for 3D colour printing. K Xiao, A Sohiab, PL Sun, JM Yates, CJ Li, S Wuerger.

Date: October 2016 Source: SPIE Proceedings, Volume 10153, Advanced Laser Manufacturing Technology. Abstract: In this paper, the current technologies in full colour 3D printing technology were introduced. A framework of colour image reproduction process for 3D colour printing is proposed. A special focus was put on colour management for 3D printed objects. Two approaches, colorimetric […]

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Evaluation of therapeutic effect of virtual design for correcting facial asymmetry of skeletal Class III deformity. KY Tian, QQ Li, XJLiu, XX Wang, ZL Li, XX Wang.

Date: October 2016. Source: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi (Chinese Journal of Stomatology) 51(10):594-599. Objective: To establish a computer-aided surgical simulation procedure based on the natural head position(NHP) for orthognathic surgery and to access the effect for correcting facial asymmetry for skeletal Class Ⅲ deformity. Methods: Thirty-five patients(male: 14 and female: 21, mean […]

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Orbital Reconstruction: Patient-Specific Orbital Floor Reconstruction Using a Mirroring Technique and a Customized Titanium Mesh. A Tarsitano, G Badiali, A Pizzigallo, C Marchetti.

Date: October 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, Volume 27, Issue 7, p 1822–1825. Objective: Enophthalmos is a severe complication of primary reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. The goal of secondary reconstruction procedures is to restore symmetrical globe positions to recover function and aesthetics. The authors propose a new method of orbital floor reconstruction using […]

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Novel Three-Dimensional Understanding of Maxillary Cleft Distraction. SM Vaughan, CH Kau, PD Waite.

Date: September 2016. Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: Volume 27 – Issue 6 – p 1462–1464. Objective: To set forth a universal standard methodology for quantifying volumetric and linear changes in the craniofacial complex, utilizing three-dimensional data captured from a cleft-lip palate patient who underwent rigid external device (RED) distraction. Methods: Cone beam computed tomography […]

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