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Three-dimensional diagnosis & treatment planning: The use of 3-D facial imaging and 3-D cone beam CT in orthodontics and dentistry

by William E. Harrell, Jr, DMD Evaluating the “Anatomic Truth” of our patient’s anatomy in 3-D has traditionally been limited to evaluating the patient “live” in the chair and by the evaluations of dental study models (either plaster or 3-D digital representations). New 3-D technologies (3-D facial scanning and 3-D cone beam CBCT – also […]

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Dr. Ioannis Kakadiaris (University of Houston) and CBL member George Toderici interviewed on Fox News

Dr. Ioannis Kakadiaris (University of Houston) answered questions on how our face recognition technology can help solving the identity theft problems and improve credit card security. He was joined by George Toderici who talked about his interests in biometrics. To watch the segment… http://cbl.uh.edu/inthenews/article/dr_kakadiaris_and_cbl_member_george_toderici_interviewed_on_fox_news/

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Completing the 3-Dimensional Picture

TECHNO BYTES (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2008;133:612-20) Orthodontics has a commitment to precision and accuracy similar in concept to physical engineering. Both work in a 3-dimensional (3D) world—the engineer designing and modeling physical products, and the orthodontist diagnosing and treating patients. To achieve the best possible results, both fields have readily adopted and successfully implemented […]

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Materialise and 3dMD Announce Best-of-Breed Partnership

3dMD’s high precision 3D surface imaging systems offered as an integrated part of Materialise’ powerful, patient-specific treatment software platform SurgiCase CMF. Atlanta, USA / Leuven, Belgium, July 24, 2008. Materialise and 3dMD announce a partnership that brings two best-of-breed solutions together, Materialise’ powerful, patient-specific software platform SurgiCase CMF with 3dMD’s high-precision 3D surface imaging systems. […]

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3dMD ANNOUNCES ITS SLEEP DISORDER SOFTWARE MODULE AND ESTEEMED DOMAIN EXPERT TEAM MEMBERS DR NELSON B POWELL AND DR ROBERT W RILEY

DENVER, CO (17 May 2008) – 3dMD (www.3dMD.com), the world’s market leader in 3D surface imaging systems in healthcare and provider of sophisticated 3D imaging and simulation software, today announced that internationally-renowned pioneers in the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome Nelson B Powell, MD, DDS and Robert W Riley, MD, MS, DDS will […]

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3dMD Announces Latest Release of Its 3D Surface Analysis Software

ATLANTA – September 25, 2005 – 3dMD (www.3dMD.com), the world’s market leader in highly precise, ultra-fast 3D surface imaging and 3D applications, is proud to announce the latest release of its 3D analysis software, 3dMDpatient™ v.3.0, which is a result of close cooperation with, and valuable feedback from, the global 3dMD user community. With approximately […]

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Facial dimensions of Malay children with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate: a three dimensional analysis. M Zreaqat, R Hassan, AS Halim.

Date: June 2012. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; 41(6):783-8. Abstract: This comparative cross-sectional study assessed the facial surface dimensions of a group of Malay children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and compared them with a control group. 30 Malay children with UCLP aged 8–10 years and 30 unaffected age-matched children […]

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A Dysmorphometric Analysis to Investigate Facial Phenotypic Signatures as a Foundation for Non-invasive Monitoring of Lysosomal Storage Disorders. S Kung, M Walters, P Claes, J Goldblatt, P Le Souef, G Baynam.

Date: June 2012 (Epub). Source: JIMD Reports; Volume 8, pp 31-39. Background: Some lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), including Muccopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPSI), are associated with characteristic facies. Methods such as three-dimensional (3D) facial scanning and geometric morphometric techniques can potentially generate detailed objective descriptions of these facial phenotypes. This approach can facilitate discriminating the inherent […]

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Sexual Dimorphism in Soft Tissue Facial Form as captured by Digital Three-Dimensional Photogrammetry. SB Lim

Date: June 2012 Source: University of Pittsburgh, School of Dental Medicine Abstract: Sexual dimorphism in the head and neck area is a particular interest to orthodontists who manipulate the underlying hard tissue in order to alter the overlaying soft tissue. Hard tissue differences between the sexes have been well documented in the literature with the […]

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A new method of head positioning for orthodontic diagnosis based on 3D-CBCT and stereophotogrammetry. H MARUYAMA, R KANOMI.

Date(s): June 18-23, 2012. Source: 88th Congress EOS 2012, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Presentation: A new method of head positioning for orthodontic diagnosis based on 3D-CBCT and stereophotogrammetry. Authors: H MARUYAMA, R KANOMI, Japan.

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Combining Conebeam Computed Tomographs, Digital Study Models and Three-Dimensional Photography. M Dalstra, TK Pedersen, B Melsen

Date(s): June 18-23, 2012. Source: 88th Congress EOS 2012, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Presentation: Combining Conebeam Computed Tomographs, Digital Study Models, and Three-Dimensional Photography. Authors: M Dalstra, TK Pedersen, B Melsen, Department of Orthodontics, Aarhus University, Denmark.

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One year postoperative hard and soft tissue volumetric changes after a BSSO mandibular advancement. TJJ Maal, MJJ de Koning, JM Plooij, LM Verhamme, FA Rangel, SJ Bergé, WA Borstlap.

Date: May 2012 Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Volume 41(9), pp 1137-45. Abstract: In this study, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and three dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry are used to compare the 3D skeletal and soft tissue changes caused by a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) 1 year after a mandibular advancement. Eighteen […]

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Statistical modelling of lip movement in the clinical context. H Popat, AI Zhurov, AM Toma, S Richmond, D Marshall, PL Rosin.

Date: May 2012. Source: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research; Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 92–102. Objective: To establish three-dimensional (3D) reference data on average lip movement in normal healthy subjects using statistical shape analysis techniques. Setting and Sample Population: School of Dentistry and Cardiff School of Computer Science, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. One hundred and fifteen […]

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Emotional expression affects the accuracy of gaze perception. JS Lobmaier, M Hartmann, AJ Volz, FW Mast.

Date: March 2013 Source: Motivation and Emotion Journal; Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 194-201. Abstract: Emotional facial expressions are powerful social cues. Here we investigated how emotional expression affects the interpretation of eye gaze direction. Fifty-two observers judged where faces were looking by moving a slider on a measuring bar to the respective position. The […]

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Florence faces: A dataset supporting 2D/3D face recognition. AD Bagdanov, A Del Bimbo, I Masi.

Date(s): May 2-4, 2012 Source: 5th International Symposium on Communications Control and Signal Processing (ISCCSP) 2012, Rome, Italy Abstract: This article describes a new dataset under construction at the Media Integration and Communication Center and the University of Florence. The dataset consists of high-resolution 3D scans of human faces from each subject, along with several […]

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Privacy Policy

Protecting your private information is our priority. This Statement of Privacy applies to www.3dMD.com and any 3dMD landing pages or social media sites, including but not limited to twitter, facebook, Google, and governs data collection and usage. For the purposes of this Privacy Policy, unless otherwise noted, all references to 3dMD include 3dMD LLC, 3dMD […]

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Terms and Conditions

Agreement between user and www.3dMD.com Welcome to www.3dMD.com. The www.3dMD.com website (the “Site”) is comprised of various web pages operated by 3dMD and is offered to you conditioned on your acceptance without modification of the terms, conditions, and notices contained herein (the “Terms”). Your use of www.3dMD.com constitutes your agreement to all such Terms. Please […]

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Evaluation of direct and indirect additive manufacture of maxillofacial prostheses. D Eggbeer, R Bibb, P Evans, L Ji

Date: April 2012. Source: Journal Of Engineering in Medicine, vol. 226 no. 9 718-728. Abstract: The efficacy of computer-aided technologies in the design and manufacture of maxillofacial prostheses has not been fully proven. This paper presents research into the evaluation of direct and indirect additive manufacture of a maxillofacial prosthesis against conventional laboratory-based techniques. An […]

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Three-dimensional stereophotogrammetrical analysis of peristomal fixation of adhesive base plates during hands-free speech among laryngectomised patients related to tracheostoma volumes. R Dirven, Y Wouters, R Vreeken, TJJ Maal, HAM Marres.

Date: April 2012. Source: Clinical Otolaryngology; Volume 37, pp 124–129. Objective: This study evaluates the relation between stoma volumes by means of objective three-dimensional measurements of laryngectomised individuals and peristomal fixation of adhesive baseplates during hands-free speech. Design: A three-dimensional stereophotogrammetrical image was captured of the tracheostoma and its surrounding tissue for each participant. The […]

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3dMD Imaging Systems

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Geometric Accuracy

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3dMDbody System

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3dMD Image Fusion

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3dMD Surgical Simulation

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3dMD Patient Analysis

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3dMD Airway Analysis

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3dMD Surface Imaging and Software

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3dMD Article Submission

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Our Team

Christopher Lane Chairman & Chief Executive Officer With more than 38 years of experience in the IT industry, Lane has held senior technical and chief executive positions in globally-recognized high-tech and services companies, as well as serving as a board member for both privately and publicly held companies in the US and Europe. Following an […]

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Advisors

Stephen Schendel, MD, DDS Professor Emeritus of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Stanford University Medical Center Dr Schendel served as a full-time faculty member of the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Stanford University Medical School from 1989 to 2008. Dr. Schendel graduated from the University of Minnesota Dental School in 1973. He then […]

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Shape-Based Classification of 3D Facial Data to Support 22q11.2DS Craniofacial Research. K Wilamowska, J Wu, C Heike and L Shapiro

Date: March 2012 Source: Journal of Digital Imaging, Volume 25, Number 3 (2012), 400-408. Abstract: 3D imaging systems are used to construct high-resolution meshes of patient’s heads that can be analyzed by computer algorithms. Our work starts with such 3D head meshes and produces both global and local descriptors of 3D shape. Since these descriptors […]

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Near‐infrared fluorescence imaging of lymphatics in head and neck lymphedema. I-Chih Tan, EA Maus, JC Rasmussen, MV Marshall, CE Fife, LA Smith, EM Sevick-Muraca.

Date: March 2012. Source: Head & Neck; Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 448–453. Background: Lymphedema is a complication that may occur after surgical resection and radiation treatment in a number of cancer types and is especially debilitating in regions where treatment options are limited. Although upper and lower extremity lymphedema may be effectively treated with […]

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Three-Dimensional Imaging and Software Advances in Orthodontics. A Ghoneima, E Allam, K Kula, and LJ Windsor

Chapter 8: Three-Dimensional Imaging and Software Advances in Orthodontics. Date: March 2012 Source: Orthodontics – Basic Aspects and Clinical Considerations, Edited by Prof. Farid Bourzgui Abstract: The book reflects the ideas of nineteen academic and research experts from different countries. The purpose of this chapter is to update orthodontists about the current options and applications […]

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Dysmorphometrics: the Modelling of Morphological Abnormalities. P Claes, K Daniels, M Walters, J Clement, D Vandermeulen and P Suetens.

Date: February 2012. Source: Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling, Volume 9:5, Feb 2012. Background: The study of typical morphological variations using quantitative, morphometric descriptors has always interested biologists in general. However, unusual examples of form, such as abnormalities are often encountered in biomedical sciences. Despite the long history of morphometrics, the means to identify and […]

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BBC News: London’s Science Museum to scan visitors’ faces in 3D

Date: 17 January 2012. Source: BBC News: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-16549098 Article: Visitors to London’s Science Museum are being invited to have their faces scanned in 3D. The Me in 3D stand at the museum uses a series of cameras to build a virtual image visitors can then view and manipulate. Data from participants will be used by […]

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BBC News: 3D face scan to help future surgery.

Date: 17 January 2012. Source: BBC News: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-16588956 Article: 3D face scan to help future surgery. Visitors to London’s Science Museum are being invited to have their faces scanned in 3D. The ‘Me in 3D’ exhibit uses an array of cameras to build a virtual image visitors can then view and manipulate. Data from the […]

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See yourself in 3D at the London Science Museum

LONDON (3 January 2012) – How are our faces constructed? How does your face differ from other faces? What do you look like in another dimension? These questions will be explored in Me in 3D – a new event running from 11 January until 10 April, where visitors can volunteer to have their photograph taken […]

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Variation of the Face in Rest Using 3D Stereophotogrammetry. TJJ Maal, LM Verhamme, B van Loon, JM Plooij, A Kho, FA Rangel, W Borstlap, SJ Bergé

Date: November 2011. Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 40, Issue 11, Pages 1252-1257. Abstract: To evaluate treatment outcomes following oral and maxillofacial surgery, pre- and post-treatment three-dimensional (3D) photographs of the patient’s face can assessed, but this procedure is accurate only if the face is captured with the same facial expression […]

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Image Fusion in Preoperative Planning

This article presents a comprehensive overview of generating a digital Patient-Specific Anatomic Reconstruction (PSAR) model of the craniofacial complex as the foundation for a more objective surgical planning platform. The technique explores fusing the patient’s 3D radiograph with the corresponding high-precision 3D surface image within a biomechanical context. As taking 3D radiographs has been common […]

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Assessment of rhinoplasty techniques by overlay of before-and-after 3D images.

Authors: Dean M Toriumi, Tatiana Dixon. Department of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago. Source: 3D Imaging Technologies for Facial Plastic Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America, Volume 19, Number 4, Pages 712-723, Nov 2011. This article describes the equipment and software used to create facial 3D imaging […]

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Creation of the Virtual Patient for the Study of Facial Morphology

Author: Chung How Kau, Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Source: 3D Imaging Technologies for Facial Plastic Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America, Volume 19, Number 4, Pages 615-622, Nov 2011. The author provides an overview of the new imaging technologies that allow the practitioner to accurately capture the patient’s soft […]

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Using Facial Symmetry to Handle Pose Variations in Real-World 3D Face Recognition. G Passalis, P Perakis, T Theoharis, and IA Kakadiaris.

Date: November 2011. Source: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (impact factor: 4.91). Abstract: The uncontrolled conditions of real-world biometric applications pose a great challenge to any face recognition approach. The unconstrained acquisition of data from uncooperative subjects may result in facial scans with significant pose variations along the yaw axis. Such pose […]

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Facial phenotypes in subgroups of prepubertal boys with autism spectrum disorders are correlated with clinical phenotypes. K Aldridge, ID George, KK Cole, JR Austin, TN Takahashi, Y Duan, and JH Miles.

Date: October 2011. Source: Molecular Autism Journal, 2:15. Background: The brain develops in concert and in coordination with the developing facial tissues, with each influencing the development of the other and sharing genetic signaling pathways. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) result from alterations in the embryological brain, suggesting that the development of the faces of children […]

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Digital Stereophotogrammetry as a New Technique to Quantify Truncal Deformity: A Pilot Study in Persons with Osteogenesis Imperfecta. LR Gabor, AP Chamberlin, E Levy, M Perry, H Cintas, and SM Paul

Date: October 2011. Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation; 90(10): 844–850. Abstract: The objective of this pilot study was to determine the usability of stereophotogrammetry (SP) as a non-invasive technique for obtaining linear measures and anatomical data of the torso in people with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) in comparison to clinical observations. Ten participants […]

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Morphological Integration of Soft-Tissue Facial Morphology in Down Syndrome and Siblings. J Starbuck, RH Reeves, and J Richtsmeier.

Date: June 2011. Source: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146(4): 560–568. Abstract: Down syndrome (DS), resulting from trisomy of chromosome 21, is the most common live-born human aneuploidy. The phenotypic expression of trisomy 21 produces variable, though characteristic, facial morphology. Although certain facial features have been documented quantitatively and qualitatively as characteristic of DS (e.g., […]

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3D Symmetry Measure Invariant to Subject Pose During Image Acquisition. Manas Kawale, Juhun Lee, Shi Yin Leung, Michelle C. Fingeret, Gregory P. Reece, Melissa A. Crosby, Elisabeth K. Beahm, Mia K. Markey, and Fatima A. Merchant

3D Symmetry Measure Invariant to Subject Pose During Image Acquisition. Manas Kawale, Juhun Lee, Shi Yin Leung, Michelle C. Fingeret, Gregory P. Reece, Melissa A. Crosby, Elisabeth K. Beahm, Mia K. Markey, and Fatima A. Merchant

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Three-dimensional gender differences in facial form of children in the North East of England. I Bugaighis, C Mattick, B Tiddeman, and R Hobson

Date: April 2011 (Epub) Source: European Journal of Orthodontics Abstract: The aim of the prospective cross-sectional morphometric study was to explore three dimensional (3D) facial shape and form (shape plus size) variation within and between 8- and 12-year-old Caucasian children; 39 males age-matched with 41 females. Article: Three-dimensional gender differences in facial form of children […]

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Maxillary, mandibular, and chin advancement: treatment planning based on airway anatomy in obstructive sleep apnea. SA Schendel, N Powell, R Jacobson.

Date: March 2011 Source: Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 69(3): 663-76. Abstract: Surgical correction of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome involves understanding a number of parameters, of which the 3-dimensional airway anatomy is important. Visualization of the upper airway based on cone beam computed tomography scans and automated computer analysis is an aid in understanding […]

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3dMD is awarded Phase I of STTR Grant with UNC at Chapel Hill for a Dynamic 4D Facial Soft Tissue Analysis System.

Date: March 2011 Source: Press Announcement Headline: 3dMD is awarded Phase I of STTR Grant No. 1R41DE019742-01A1 with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Co-Principal Investigator Dr Carroll Ann Trotman, for a Dynamic 4D Facial Soft Tissue Analysis System. Atlanta (15-March-11): We are delighted to announce that 3dMD, working in conjunction with the Department of […]

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On the Antiquity of Trisomy 21: Moving Towards a Quantitative Diagnosis of Down Syndrome in Historic Material Culture. John M. Starbuck

Date: 2011 Source: Journal of Contemporary Anthropology, Vol. II (2011), Iss. 1. Abstract: Down syndrome was first medically described as a separate condition from other forms of cognitive impairment in 1866. Because it took so long for Down syndrome to be recognized as a clinical entity deserving its own status, several investigators have questioned whether […]

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