Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts. RW Tse, RJ Knight, DM Fisher.

Date: November 2018.
Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, Volume 71, Issue 11, pp 1600-1608.
Abstract: Transverse clefts of the oral cavity have significant impacts on both appearance and function. Many methods of repair have been described, but there is no consensus on optimal approach. In addition, dissatisfaction with scars, distortion of appearance, and recurrent deformity have led to complex surgical designs that are difficult to understand and reproduce. We describe a simple approach to repair that is based upon anatomic approximation of lip components and accurate repair of the muscle. Twenty patients underwent repair by the senior author, who devised the approach, and the corresponding author, who adopted it. Eight (62%) patients had right-sided clefts, three (23%) patients had left-sided clefts, and two (15%) patients had bilateral clefts. One patient had an associated branchial cleft remnant, two patients had multiple branchial cleft remnants and tragus deformities, one patient had craniofacial microsomia with microtia, and one patient had a contralateral Tessier 1 cleft. Mean age of the patients at repair was 23 months. All patients achieved normal oral competence, have favorable scars and commissure appearance, and have had no recurrent deformity. None of the patients have required revision. The described surgical approach is reproducible, easy to understand, and can produce favorable outcomes.

Article: Anatomic approximation approach to correction of transverse facial clefts.
Authors: Raymond W Tse, Robert J Knight, David M Fisher. Division of Craniofacial and Plastic Surgery, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA and
Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.