A 3D Follow-Up Study of Cranial Asymmetry from Early Infancy to Toddler Age after Preterm versus Term Birth. AM Launonen, H Aarnivala, P Kyteas, et al.

Date: October 2019.
Source: Journal of Clinical Medicine 2019, 8, 1665; doi:10.3390/jcm8101665.
Abstract: : Preterm infants are at higher risk for both symmetrical and asymmetrical head molding. This study involved 3D stereophotogrammetry to assess the cranial growth, molding, and incidence of deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in preterm children compared to term born children. Thirty-four preterm infants and 34 term born controls were enrolled in this study from Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Three-dimensional head images were obtained at the age of 2–4 months (T1), 5–7 months (T2), 11–13 months (T3), and 2.5–3 years (T4) from the term equivalent age (TEA). There was no statistically significant difference in oblique cranial length ratio (OCLR), cephalic index (CI), or weighted asymmetry score (wAS) between the two groups. Occipital flattening, defined by flatness score (FS) was statistically significantly greater in the preterm group than in the term group at T1–T4 (p < 0.05). In both groups, OCLR improved gradually over time. There were no instances, in either group, of severe DP and no moderate DP after T2. Results indicate that DP affects preterm and full-term children almost equally during the first three years of life, and cranial asymmetry resolves at a similar rate in both preterm and term groups after three months of corrected age. Preterm infants present with more occipital flattening than full-term children.

Article: A 3D Follow-Up Study of Cranial Asymmetry from Early Infancy to Toddler Age after Preterm versus Term Birth.
Authors: Anniina M Launonen; Henri Aarnivala; Panagiotis Kyteas; Ville Vuollo; Tuomo Heikkinen; Chung H Kau; Pertti Pirttiniemi; Virpi Harila; A Marita Valkama. Department of Oral Development and Orthodontics, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland | Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA.