3D comparison of average faces in subjects with oral clefts. I Bugaighis, B Tiddeman, CR Mattick and R Hobson

Date: November 2012
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics
Abstract: This prospective cross-sectional, case-controlled morphometric study assessed three dimensional (3D) facial morphological differences between average faces of 103 children aged 8-12 years; 40 with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), 23 with unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (UCLA), 19 with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), 21 with isolated cleft palate (ICP), and 80 gender and age-matched controls. 3D stereophotogrammetric facial scans were recorded for each participant at rest. Thirty-nine landmarks were digitized for each scan, and x-, y-, z-coordinates for each landmark were extracted. A 3D photorealistic average face was constructed for each participating group and subjective and objective comparisons were carried out between each cleft and control average faces. Marked differences were observed between all groups…

Article: 3D comparison of average faces in subjects with oral clefts.
Authors: I. Bugaighis , B.D.S., speciality in Orthodontics, Ph.D., C.R. Mattick , B.Ch.D., F.D.S.R.C.S., M.Sc., M.Orth.R.C.S., F.Orth.R.C.S., B. Tiddeman , B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., R. Hobson , B.D.S., M.D.S., Ph.D., F.D.S., M.D.Orth. R.C.P.S. (Glas.), F.D.S. R.C.S. (Ed.), F.D.S. R.C.S. (Eng.), S.F.H.E.A.

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